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Hydrobiology is the science of life and life processes in water. Much of modern hydrobiology can be viewed as a sub-discipline of ecology but the sphere of hydrobiology includes taxonomy, economic biology, industrial biology, morphology, physiology etc. The one distinguishing aspect is that all relate to aquatic organisms. Much work is closely related to limnology and can be divided into lotic system ecology (flowing waters) and lentic system ecology (still waters).

One of the significant areas of current research is eutrophication. Special attention is paid to biotic interactions in plankton assemblage including the microbial loop, the mechanism of influencing water blooms, phosphorus load and lake turnover. Another subject of research is the acidification of mountain lakes. Long-term studies are carried out on changes in the ionic composition of the water of rivers, lakes and reservoirs in connection with acid rain and fertilisation. One goal of current research is elucidation of the basic environmental functions of the ecosystem in reservoirs, which are important for water quality management and water supply.

Much of the early work of hydrobiologists concentrated on the biological processes utilised in sewage treatment and water purification especially slow sand filters. Other historically important work sought to provide biotic indices for classifying waters according to the biotic communities that they supported. This work continues to this day in Europe in the development of classification tools for assessing water bodies for the EU water framework directive.

Field of research interests

The following are the research interests of hydrobiologists:

  • acidification impact on lake and reservoir ecosystems
  • ocean acidification
  • paleolimnology of remote mountain lakes
  • molecular ecology, phylogeography and taxonomy of Cladocera
  • ultramorphology of cladoceran limbs and feeding adaptations
  • chemical communication in plankton (prey-predator interaction)
  • biomanipulation of water reservoirs
  • cyclus of major nutrients (phosphorus, nitrogen)
  • self-controlling mechanisms at population and community level



Notable researchers

See also


  • E.P.H. Best (Editor), Jan P. Bakker (Editor) Netherlands-Wetlands (Developments in Hydrobiology series) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1993, 328 pp) ISBN 0-7923-2473-0
  • R.I. Jones (Editor), V. Ilmavirta (Editor) Flagellates in Freshwater Ecosystems (Developments in Hydrobiology series) (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1992, 498pp.) ISBN 90-6193-651-9
  • Jürgen Schwoerbel Methods of hydrobiology (freshwater biology) (Pergamon Press; [1st English ed.] edition, 1970, 200pp.) ISBN 0-08-006604-6

External links