Internal Security Organisation

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The Internal Security Organisation (ISO) is the Uganda government's counter intelligence agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to Uganda's policy makers. It also engages in covert activities at the request of the President of Uganda. Founded in 1986, the organisation took over the duties first performed by Military Intelligence. Its headquarters are in Nakasero, Kampala.

History and function

ISO was established by an Act of Parliament, the Security Organisations Act 1987. Like all intelligence organisations, its main function is to ensure the stability and longevity of the state. It does this through monitoring priority government programmes that are critical to the well being of the state, as well as collecting intelligence on locally based groups engaging in/intending to engage in acts of subversion, sabotage or destabilising the country.

Director general

The first director general was Major General Jim Katugugu Muhwezi. He led it until 1996. He is the longest serving spy chief at the organization to date. He recruited and trained Amos Mukumbi and Brig. Ronnie Barya, each of whom was later to serve as director general.

Other director generals include Philip Idro, Lt.Gen. Henry Tumukunde (who also headed the Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence), Brigadier Elly Kayanja (who also in 2001 headed Operation Wembley - which cracked down on violent crime especially sophisticated murders and robberies), and Amos Mukumbi. It is currently led by Ronnie Balya.


ISO is composed of professional intelligence officers recruited from all over Uganda and trained at its training institute, the Institute of Intelligence and Security Studies. Upon being passed out, the operatives are sworn to protect the Ugandans and their property and are deployed all over the country.

See also