Iranian hip hop

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Iranian hip hop, also called Persian hip hop, is a style of hip hop music developed in Iran.[1][2][3] It is influenced by the American hip hop, but it is also credited with inspiration from the contemporary Iranian music.


Persian hip hop emerged in the late 1980s, from Tehran, the capital of Iran.[4]

The rap group 021 (also known as 021 Music) was one of the very first groups performing hip hop music based in Tehran, which has taken its name from the area code of Tehran City, and was founded by Soroush Lashkary, better known by his stage name, Hichkas.[5] He uses elements of Persian traditional music combined with hip hop[6][7] and has a unique theistic and nationalistic lyrical style, avoiding vulgar words while referring to social issues.[6] His first Album, Asphalt Jungle (Persian: Jangal e Āsfālt‎‎), was one of the first Persian rap albums in Iran and brought much recognition to his name in Iranian communities.[6] In 2009, Hichkas appeared in the movie No One Knows About Persian Cats which explored the subject of Iran's underground music scene.

Yaser Bakhtiari, better known as his stage name, Yas, is the first Iranian rapper who received the release license from the Ministry of Ershad and authorized to perform by the Iranian government, and is one of the most popular rappers in Iran.[8][9][10] He uses poetic imagery delivered through an impassioned, at times ferocious, flow to communicate uplifting rhymes about his culture and people. Yas was chosen by the voters as the Artist of the Week in MTV IGGY, entitled "Tehran’s Hard-Hitting MC", on December 21, 2011.[11]

By the April 2002, another Persian hip hop band called Zedbazi, which was founded by Saman Keramati and Mehrad Mostowfi, started casually by a couple of songs shared between their friends. Soon, they were heard by a large audience across the country, due to their controversial lyrics, and became one of the most popular hip hop bands in Iran. Zedbazi is considered as the first music group in Iran to use such explicit language in their music. They are also credited with starting a new movement in Iranian music, and in the song Iroonie L.A., the group lyrically attacks the Iranian music industry in Los Angeles.[12]

Few of other performers include Erfan, Yas, and Salome MC.

See also


  1. "Rap in the Capital: Hip-Hop Tehran-Style - Tehran Bureau | FRONTLINE". PBS. 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2014-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Why Iran is cracking down on rap music". Telegraph. 2010-11-10. Retrieved 2014-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Iran's thriving rap culture - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East". Al-Monitor. 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2014-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Iran's underground hip hop dance scene | The FRANCE 24 Observers". 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2014-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Hichkas on Sakkou - Manoto 1 TV". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 2014-02-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 [1][dead link]
  7. "روزنامه اعتماد ملي85/6/28: رپ ايراني ، صداي اعتراض نيست". Retrieved 2015-06-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. [2][dead link]
  9. Kimball, Cody (2008-10-19). "Iranian Rapper speaks of Peace at film screening - Western Herald: News". Retrieved 2015-06-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. [3][dead link]
  11. Bondy, Halley (2011-12-14). "YAS: Persian Rap Royalty". Retrieved 2015-06-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Biography - Zedbazi Official Website". 2013-04-20. Retrieved 2015-06-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links