Islam and masturbation
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There are varying opinions on the permissibility of masturbation (Arabic: استمناء, translit. istimnā’). It is forbidden in Shi'a jurisprudence. It is considered haram according to the Maliki madhhab. The Hanafi madhhab has a more permissive outlook. According to Ibn Hazm and the Hanbali madhhab, it is halal (permissible) only under two conditions: first, the fear of committing fornication or adultery, and second, not having the means to marry.
- Rizvi, Muhammad (1994). "3. The Islamic Sexual Morality (2) Its Structure". Marriage and Morals in Islam. Scarborough, ON, Canada: Islamic Education and Information Center.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- The Lawful And The Prohibited In Islam, Yusuf Al-Qardawi - 1997
- The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Midle East, p 168, Marcia C. Inhorn - 2012