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Jabodetabek (originally Jabotabek) is an official and administrative definition of the urban area or megacity surrounding the Indonesia capital city Jakarta. The definition "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1980s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" a decade later when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name; it finally included five municipalities and three regencies, it was officially expanded again in 2011 to "Jabodetabekjur" to incorporate a part of Cianjur Regency.[1] The population of Jabodetabek was over 28.0 million according to the Indonesian Census 2010,[2] and by January 2014 was officially estimated to have increased to over 30.0 million.[3]

The area comprises the DKI Jakarta and parts of West Java and Banten provinces, specifically the three regencies of those provinces which surround Jakarta - Bekasi and Bogor in West Java, and Tangerang in Banten. Also included were the Kota (formerly Kotamadya) independent municipalities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang.

The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Jabo(de)tabek from Jakarta, Bogor, (Depok), Tangerang and Bekasi.

Greater Jakarta

The generic term Greater Jakarta refers to the urban region surrounding Jakarta, it is not specific to any official or administrative designations. On the contrary, dependent on context, it may refer to the built-up area around Jakarta.


Among the inhabitants, approximately 10.135 million live in Jakarta in January 2014; about 8.84 million in the five cities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang; and about 11.115 million in the three regencies (Bekasi Regency, Tangerang Regency and Bogor Regency).[citation needed] The population is steadily increasing due to migration from other parts of Indonesia.[citation needed]

File:Locator jabodetabek.png
Jabodetabek on left in blue and magenta; Greater Bandung on right, Jakarta and 4 kotas in blue, 3 suburban regencies in magenta, green diagonals mark sprawl areas outside Jabodetabek: Serang and Karawang Regencies

Common names for Greater Jakarta:

Administrative division
(with province)
(2010 Census)[4]
(2014 Estimate)[3]
(per km², 2010)
DKI Jakarta 664 9,588,198 10,135,030 14,464
Bogor Municipality
(West Java)
109 952,406 1,022,002 8,737
Bekasi Municipality
(West Java)
210 2,378,211 2,510,951 9,905
Tangerang Municipality
164 1,797,715 2,001,925 9,342
South Tangerang Municipality
151 1,303,569 1,436,187 8,646
Bogor Regency
(West Java)
2,664 4,779,578 5,131,798 1,791
Tangerang Regency
960 2,838,621 3,154,790 2,958
Bekasi Regency
(West Java)
1,270 2,629,551 2,828,767 2,071
Depok Municipality
(West Java)
200 1,751,696 1,869,681 7,053
Jabodetabek Region 6,392 28,019,545 30,091,131 4,383.53

W.J. = West Java province B. = Banten province

Source: Central Bureau of Statistics provincial data


The region is partly defined by the areas from which people commute into the city.

Rail services and termini

Jabotabek is served by commuter train known as KRL Commuter Jabodetabek with five lines:

Visit KRL Commuter Jabodetabek website for lines and schedule information (in Indonesian)

Major bus stations

The region is served by six major bus terminals, connected innercity and intercity :

Bus stations Location City/Regency
Pulo Gadung Pulo Gadung East Jakarta
Kampung Rambutan Pasar Rebo East Jakarta
Lebak Bulus Cilandak South Jakarta
Blok M Kebayoran Baru South Jakarta
Tanjung Priok Tanjung Priok North Jakarta
Grogol Grogol Petamburan West Jakarta
Rawamangun Pulo Gadung East Jakarta
Kampung Melayu Jatinegara East Jakarta
Senen Senen Central Jakarta
Pasar Minggu Pasar Minggu South Jakarta
Manggarai Tebet South Jakarta
Klender Duren Sawit East Jakarta
Baranangsiang Central Bogor Bogor City
Bubulak Bogor Bogor City
Depok Pancoran Mas Depok City
Bekasi Sepanjang Jaya Bekasi City
Cimone Cimone Tangerang City
Poris Plawad Poris Plawad Tangerang City
Cikarang Cikarang Bekasi Regency
Ciputat Ciputat South Tangerang City

See also


  1. "Indonesia government:Jabotabek". Indonesia.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. pt. kompas cyber media. "Tidak Gampang Dapat KTP DKI - KOMPAS.com". Megapolitan.kompas.com. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Penduduk Kabupaten/Kota Umur Tunggal - Tahun 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Publikasi Provinsi dan Kabupaten Hasil Sementara SP2010". Bps.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Forbes, Dean. "Jakarta: Globalization, economic crisis, and social change," pp. 268–298, in Josef Gugler (ed.) World Cities beyond the West: Globalization, Development and Inequality.

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