Jainism in Africa

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The history of Jainism in Africa is relatively short when compared with the histories of Judaism, Christianity and Islam on the same continent. There are about 20,000 Jains and[1] around 10 Jain organizations in Africa.[2]

History

Jainism entered Africa during the late 19th century, when Jains first emigrated from India to Kenya, and then to Uganda, Sudan and Tanzania.[3]

Exodus of Asians from Uganda in 1972 due to Idi Amin's policies, forced some Jains to migrate elsewhere, like Australia,[3] North America and Europe.[4]

Jainism in Kenya

Jainism in Kenya has been present for about a 100 years.[5] It is practiced by a small community that actively organizes Jain conventions,[6] film festivals[7] and other community programs.

There are Jain temples in Nairobi and Mombasa.[8] Jains are among the most successful and prosperous businessmen in Nairobi and other bigger towns.[9]

Jainism in South Africa

Jains emigrated to South Africa under British colonial rule in India and South Africa, and exceeded in trade and business.[10] Due to the high number of Jain tourists, in addition to the resident Jain community, many South African restaurants offer Jain food[11]

See also

Notes

  1. The Jains - Paul Dundas - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2002. ISBN 9780415266062.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Jainism: The World of Conquerors - Natubhai Shah - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1998-10-19. ISBN 9781898723974.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence - Kurt Titze - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1998. ISBN 9788120815346.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Jainism and Early Buddhism: Essays in Honor of Padmanabh S. Jaini - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2003. ISBN 9780895819567.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Kenya churches handbook: the development of Kenyan Christianity, 1498-1973 - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1973.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Jain Convention Takes Places In Nairobi". The Star. 2011-01-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Jabbal, Harleen (2012-01-02). "Kenya: Young Jains of Nairobi's Film Show". allAfrica.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Kenya: Kenya - Philip Briggs - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2011-09-01. ISBN 9780756684457.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. J.N.K. Mugambi 2010, p. 108.
  10. Cultural and Religious Heritage of India: Jainism - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2004. ISBN 9788170999577.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Many SA hotels offer Jain, veg cuisine - India - DNA". Dnaindia.com. 2009-02-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References