Jainism in Gujarat

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Jainism has had a significant influence in Gujarat.[1] Practitioners of this religion believe that their 22nd tirthankara (propagators of Jain religion) attained salvation here. Many other monks have also got salvation; especially on the holy mountains of Girnar and Satrunjaya. The Vallabhi Council held in c. 5th century CE.[2] Their canonical scriptures were written down during this council. King Vanaraja (c. 720-780 CE) of the Cavada dynasty was brought up by a Jain monk named Silaguna Suri.

History

Jain temples are found in Gujarat from as early as the 6th and 7th centuries CE. It was patronized by the Solankis and Chavadas.[3] Northern Gujarat became a principle center of Jainism in the 13th century CE.[4]

The earliest known Gujarat text Bharat-bahubali Ras, was written by a Jain monk. Of the most important people in Gujarat's Jain history were the Acharya Hemachandra Suri and his pupil, the Chalukya ruler Kumarpal.

Major Centers

Major ancient Jain centers include:

Notable People

Photo Gallery

See also

Notes

References