Jake Matijevic (rock)

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Jake Matijevic Rock
An annotated image of "Jake Matijevic" rock on Mars - a target of the APXS and ChemCam instruments on the Curiosity rover (September 22, 2012). The red dots are where the ChemCam zapped it with its laser; the purple circles indicate where the APXS targeted its view.
Feature type Rock
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Jake Matijevic (or Jake M) is a pyramidal rock on the surface of Aeolis Palus, between Peace Vallis and Aeolis Mons ("Mount Sharp"), in Gale crater on the planet Mars. The "approximate" site coordinates are: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found..

The rock was encountered by the Curiosity rover on the way from Bradbury Landing to Glenelg Intrique in September 2012 and measures about 25 cm (9.8 in) height and 40 cm (16 in) width.[1]

The rock was named by NASA after fr (Jacob Matijevic) (1947–2012), a mathematician-turned-rover-engineer, who played a critical role in the design of the six-wheeled rover, but died just days after the Curiosity rover landed in August 2012. Matijevic was the surface operations systems chief engineer for the Mars Science Laboratory Project and the project's Curiosity rover. He was also a leading engineer for all of the previous NASA Mars rovers including Sojourner, Spirit and Opportunity.[2]

Erosional formation of Jake M rock by wind.

The rover team determined the rock to be a suitable target for the first use of Curiosity's contact instruments, the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) and the Alpha particle X-ray spectrometer (APXS).[3]

Analytical studies, performed on the rock by the Curiosity rover in October 2012, suggest the Jake M rock is an igneous rock but found to be high in elements consistent with feldspar, such as sodium, aluminum and potassium, and lower concentrations of magnesium, iron and nickel than other such rocks previously found on Mars.[4] The mineral content and elemental abundance indicates Jake M rock may be a mugearite, a sodium rich oligoclase-bearing basaltic trachyandesite.[5] Igneous rocks similar to the Jake M rock are well known but occur rarely on Earth. On Earth, such rocks form when magma, usually found in volcanoes, rises to the surface, cools and partially solidifies with certain chemical elements, while the warmer liquid magma portion becomes enriched with the left-behind elements.[4] By remarkable coincidence, the Martian locality Glenelg is also the name of a small settlement in north-west Scotland that is 25 km (16 mi) east of type locality for mugearite at Mugeary on the island of Skye.[5] The Jake M rock is a ventifact with a volcanic fabric.[6] Its pyramidal shape was formed by eolian drifted grains of sand. The little cavities on its surface were formed by the blast-effect, which is caused by different flow dynamics at the micro-relief.[6] On the surface one could see the marks of the main wind direction, by which Jake M was formed.[6] On September 27, 2013, NASA scientists reported that Jake M rock was a mugearite and very similar to terrestrial mugearite rocks.[7][8][9][10]

Curiosity rover examining"Jake Matijevic" rock (September 22, 2012).
MAHLI Close-up of Jake M Rock
APXS Analyzes Jake M Rock

See also

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  1. Boyle, Alan (September 19, 2012). "Mars rover targets a rock called Jake". NBC News-CosmicLog. Retrieved October 17, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Dunbar, Brian (September 19, 2012). "NASA-'Jake Matijevic' Contact Target for Curiosity". NASA. Retrieved October 17, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Doyle, Kathryn (September 19, 2012). "Curiosity Ready to Blast Rocks and Study Moons". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved October 17, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Moskowitz, Clara (October 11, 2012). "Curiosity Rover's Pet Mars Rock 'Jake' Unlike Any Seen on Red Planet". Space.com. Retrieved October 17, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Amos, Jonathan (October 17, 2012). "Cosmic coincidence on the road to Glenelg". BBC News. Retrieved October 17, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Zasada, Patrick (2013): Entstehung des Mars-Gesteins "Jake Matijevic". – Sternzeit – Z. astron. Vereinig., issue 2/2013: 98-101. ISSN 0721-8168, (in German).
  7. Stolper, E.M.; Baker, M.B.; Newcombe, M.E.; Schmidt, M.E.; Treiman, A.H.; Cousin, A.; Dyar, M.D.; Fisk, M.R.; Gellert, R.; King, P.L.; Leshin, L.; Maurice, S.; McLennan, S.M.; Minitti, M.E.; Perrett, G.; Rowland, S.; Sautter, V.; Wiens, R.C.; MSL ScienceTeam. "The Petrochemistry of Jake_M: A Martian Mugearite". Science (journal). AAAS. doi:10.1126/science.1239463. Retrieved 28 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Grotzinger, John (September 26, 2013). "Introduction To Special Issue: Analysis of Surface Materials by the Curiosity Mars Rover". Science. 341 (6153): 1475. Bibcode:2013Sci...341.1475G. doi:10.1126/science.1244258. Retrieved September 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne (September 26, 2013). "Science Gains From Diverse Landing Area of Curiosity". NASA. Retrieved September 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Chang, Kenneth (October 1, 2013). "Hitting Pay Dirt on Mars". New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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