John G. Carlisle
|John G. Carlisle|
|41st United States Secretary of the Treasury|
March 7, 1893 – March 5, 1897
|Preceded by||Charles W. Foster|
|Succeeded by||Lyman J. Gage|
|United States Senator
May 26, 1890 – February 4, 1893
|Preceded by||James B. Beck|
|Succeeded by||William Lindsay|
|31st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives|
December 3, 1883 – March 4, 1889
|President||Chester A. Arthur
|Preceded by||J. Warren Keifer|
|Succeeded by||Thomas B. Reed|
|Member of U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 6th district
March 4, 1877 – May 26, 1890
|Preceded by||Thomas L. Jones|
|Succeeded by||William W. Dickerson|
|20th Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky|
September 5, 1871 – August 31, 1875
|Governor||Preston H. Leslie|
|Preceded by||Preston H. Leslie|
|Succeeded by||John C. Underwood|
|Born||John Griffin Carlisle
September 5, 1834
Kenton County, Kentucky, United States
|Died||July 31, 1910 (aged 75)
New York City, New York, United States
|Resting place||Linden Grove Cemetery in Covington, Kentucky, United States|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Jane Goodson Carlisle
(1857 - 1905, her death)
|Children||William Kinkead Carlisle
Logan Griffin Carlisle
|Signature||John G. Carlisle's signature|
John Griffin Carlisle (September 5, 1834 – July 31, 1910) was a prominent American politician in the Democratic Party during the last quarter of the 19th century. He served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, from 1883 to 1889 and afterward served as Secretary of the Treasury, from 1893 to 1897, during the Panic of 1893. As a Bourbon Democrat he was a leader of the conservative, pro-business wing of the party, along with President Grover Cleveland.
Carlisle was born in what is now Kenton County, Kentucky, and began his public life as a lawyer in Covington, Kentucky, under John W. Stevenson. Carlisle married Mary Jane Goodson on January 15, 1857, and they had two sons: William Kinkead Carlisle and the Logan Griffin Carlisle
Despite the political difficulties that taking a neutral position during the American Civil War caused him, Carlisle spent most of the 1860s in the Kentucky General Assembly, serving in the Kentucky House of Representatives and two terms in the Kentucky State Senate, and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky in 1871, succeeding his former law mentor Stevenson.
After Carlisle's term as Lieutenant Governor ended in 1875, he ran for and won a seat in the United States House of Representatives for Kentucky's 6th district. On the main issues of the day, Carlisle was in favor of coining silver, but not for free coinage, and favored lower tariffs. He became a leader of the low-tariff wing of the Democratic Party, and was chosen by House Democrats to become Speaker in 1883 over Samuel J. Randall, a leader of the party's protectionist wing.
Carlisle became a leader of the conservative Bourbon Democrats and was mentioned as a presidential candidate but the Democrats passed him over at their conventions for Winfield S. Hancock in 1880 and Grover Cleveland in 1884. Discomfort with nominating a southerner after the Civil War played a role in Carlisle's failure to win either nomination. In 1892 Carlisle was again proposed as a candidate for president at the Democratic convention, but this time Carlisle asked that he not be considered. It was reported at the time that Carlisle dropped out with the understanding that Cleveland, once nominated, would appoint him to his Cabinet.
In 1890, Carlisle was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the unexpired term of James B. Beck. When Cleveland was again elected to the Presidency in 1892, he chose Carlisle as his Secretary of the Treasury.
Carlisle's tenure as Secretary was marred by the Panic of 1893, a financial and economic disaster so severe that it ended Carlisle's political career. In response to a run on the American gold supply, Carlisle felt forced to end silver coinage. He also felt compelled to oppose the 1894 Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act bill. These two stands were widely unpopular among agrarian Democrats. In 1896 Carlisle strenuously opposed 1896 Democratic presidential nominee William Jennings Bryan, supporting a splinter Gold Democrat candidate, once-Illinois Governor Palmer, instead.
By 1896, the once remarkably popular Carlisle was so disliked due to his stewardship of the currency that he was forced to leave the stage in the middle of a speech in his home town of Covington due to a barrage of rotten eggs.
- David T. Beito and Linda Royster Beito, "Gold Democrats and the Decline of Classical Liberalism, 1896-1900," Independent Review 4 (Spring 2000), 555-75
- Federal Writers' Project (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 154. Retrieved 24 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- John G. Carlisle at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Barnes, James A. John G. Carlisle: Financial Statesman. New York : Dodd, Mead, 1931.
- Beito, David T., and Linda Royster Beito. Gold Democrats and the Decline of Classical Liberalism from 1896 to 1900, Independent Review 4 (Spring 2000), 555-75.
- Encyclopedia of Kentucky. New York, New York: Somerset Publishers. 1987. pp. 127–129. ISBN 0-403-09981-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Garraty, John A. and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography, vol. 4, "Carlisle, John G.". New York : Oxford University Press, 1999. (ISBN 0-19-512783-8)
- McAfee, John J. (1886). Kentucky politicians : sketches of representative Corncrackers and other miscellany. Louisville, Kentucky: Press of the Courier-Journal job printing company. pp. 44–47.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Williams, R. Hal. Years of Decision: American Politics in the 1890s. New York : Wiley, 1978.
- John G. Carlisle at Linden Grove Cemetery
- Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> .
Preston H. Leslie
|Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
John C. Underwood
J. Warren Keifer
|Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
December 3, 1883 – March 4, 1885;
December 7, 1885 – March 4, 1887;
December 5, 1887 – March 4, 1889
Thomas B. Reed
Charles W. Foster
|U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: Grover Cleveland
March 7, 1893 – March 5, 1897
Lyman J. Gage
|United States House of Representatives|
Thomas Laurens Jones
|United States Representative (District 6) from Kentucky
William Worth Dickerson
|United States Senate|
James B. Beck
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Kentucky
Served alongside: Joseph C. S. Blackburn