John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe

John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe, PC, FRS (30 April 1680[1]–27 February 1741) was the second son of Robert Ker, 3rd Earl of Roxburghe, and Margaret Hay, daughter of John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale. He was younger brother to Robert Ker, 4th Earl of Roxburghe.

John became 5th Earl of Roxburghe on the death of his brother Robert in 1696. In 1704 he was made a Secretary of State of Scotland, and he helped to bring about the union with England, being created Duke of Roxburghe in 1707 for his services in this connection. This was the last creation in the Scottish peerage. On 28 May 1707, he was admitted a FRS.[2]

The duke was a representative peer for Scotland in four parliaments. George I made him a privy councillor and Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland, and he was loyal to the king during the Jacobite rising in 1715. He served as Secretary of State for Scotland in the British Parliament from 1716 to 1725, but he opposed the malt tax, and in 1725 Sir Robert Walpole procured his dismissal from office. In Apr 1727 he was one of the six pall-bearers of Sir Isaac Newton's coffin at Westminster Abbey.[3] He was one of the original governors of the Foundling Hospital, a charity created by royal charter on 17 October 1739.

He died on 27 February 1741.[4] His only son, Robert (c.1709–1755), who had been created Earl Ker of Wakefield in 1722, became 2nd duke.


External Links


  1. Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950
  2. "Lists of Royal Society Fellows". Retrieved 15 December 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Notice in London Gazette, 4 April, No. 6569
  4. John M. Simpson, ‘Ker, John, first duke of Roxburghe (c.1680–1741)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Oct 2005.
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Secretary of State for Scotland
Succeeded by
Office Vacant
Preceded by
The Duke of Atholl
Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Annandale
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
New Creation
Duke of Roxburghe
Succeeded by
Robert Ker

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>