|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
|Governor||Frank W. Higgins|
|Preceded by||M. Linn Bruce|
|Succeeded by||Lewis S. Chanler|
|President pro tempore of the New York State Senate|
|Preceded by||Timothy E. Ellsworth|
|Succeeded by||Jotham P. Allds|
|United States House of Representatives|
January 1889 – December 1893
|Preceded by||Ira Davenport|
|Succeeded by||Charles W. Gillet|
May 6, 1840|
Geneva, New York
|Died||December 16, 1909
Canandaigua, New York
|Relations||Thomas Raines (1842–1924)
George Raines (1846–1908)
|Parents||Rev. John Raines (1818–1877)
Mary Raines (1815–1889)
|Alma mater||University of Rochester|
John Raines (May 6, 1840, Geneva, Ontario County, New York – December 16, 1909, Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York) was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He authored the 1896 Raines Law, which prohibited liquor sales on Sundays, except in hotels, which had the unintended consequence of fostering prostitution.
He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Ontario Co.) in 1881, 1882 and 1885; and of the New York State Senate (28th D.) from 1886 to 1889, sitting in the 109th, 110th, 111th and 112th New York State Legislatures. In addition he was President of the Board of Education for the Canandaigua school district from 1887 until his death. He was a delegate to the 1888 Republican National Convention.
He was elected to the 51st and 52nd United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1889, to March 3, 1893. Afterwards he returned to the State Senate where he sat from 1895 until his death, being a member of the 118th (26th D.), 119th, 120th, 121st, 122nd, 123rd, 124th, 125th, 126th, 127th, 128th, 129th, 130th, 131st and 132nd New York State Legislatures (all 42nd D.); and was President pro tempore from 1903 until his death. He was an alternate delegate to the 1900 and 1904 Republican National Conventions.
On December 5, 1906, he became Acting Lieutenant Governor of New York for the remainder of the month after the resignation of M. Linn Bruce who was appointed to the New York Supreme Court by Governor Frank W. Higgins.
Two of Raines' houses in Canandaigua still stand. His primary home, on the corner of Wood and Gorham Streets, was an Octagon house. His summer home, "Thendara", sat along the eastern shore of Canandaigua Lake at Deep Run Cove and is operated today as a restaurant and inn.
- "Senator Raines, Party Leader Dead". New York Times. December 16, 1909. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
Republican Leader of State Senate Dies at Canandaigua Home in His 69th Year. Fought Hughes's Reforms. Author of Election and Liquor Tax Laws, and a Factor in Important Albany Legislation for 15 Years. Senator John Raines died at 1:45 o'clock this morning. All the members of his family were at his bedside. ...<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- John Raines at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (giving Canandaigua as birthplace)
-  Bruce resigned, Raines acting, in NYT on December 6, 1906