Karachay-Balkar language

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Karachay-Balkar
Къарачай-Малкъар тил
Таулу тил
Native to Russia
Region Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia
Ethnicity Karachays, Balkars
Native speakers
310,000 (2010 census)[1]
Turkic
Dialects
Karachay
Balkar
Cyrillic,
Latin
Official status
Official language in
Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia)
Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia)
Language codes
ISO 639-2 krc
ISO 639-3 krc
Glottolog kara1465[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
Koran Karachay-Balkar language version

The Karachay-Balkar language or Karachay-Balkar Turkish[3] (Къарачай-Малкъар тил, Qaraçay-Malqar til or Таулу тил, Tawlu til) is a Turkic language spoken by the Karachays and Balkars. It is divided into two dialects: Karachay-Baksan-Chegem, which pronounces two phonemes as /tʃ/ and /dʒ/, and Balkar, which pronounces the corresponding phonemes as /ts/ and /z/. The modern Karachay-Balkar written language is based on the Karachay-Baksan-Chegem dialect. The language is closely related to Kumyk.[4]

Alphabet

Modern Karachay-Balkar Cyrillic alphabet:

А а Б б В в Г г Гъ гъ Д д Дж дж Е е
Ё ё Ж ж З з И и Й й К к Къ къ Л л
М м Н н Нг нг О о П п Р р С с Т т
У у Ў ў Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ
ъ Ы ы ь Э э Ю ю Я я

Modern Karachay-Balkar roman alphabet:

A a B в C c Ç ç D d E e F f G g
Ƣ ƣ I i J j K k Q q L l M m N n
N̡ n̡ O o Ө ө P p R r S s Ş ş T t
Ь ь U u V v Y y X x Z z Ƶ ƶ

Language example

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Karachay-Balkar:

In Cyrillic Transliteration Translation
Бютеу адамла эркин болуб эмда сыйлары бла хакълары тенг болуб тууадыла. Алагъа акъыл бла намыс берилгенди эмда бир-бирлерине къарнашлыкъ халда къараргъа керекдиле. Bütew adamla erkin bolub emda sıyları bla haqları teñ bolub tuwadıla. Alağa aqıl bla namıs berilgendi emda bir-birlerine qarnaşlıq halda qararğa kerekdile. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Numbers in Karachay-Balkar and Turkish

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
сыфар (sıfar) бир (bir) эки (eki) юч (üç) тёрт (tört) беш (beş) алты (altı) джети (ceti) сегиз (segiz) тогъуз (toğuz) он (on)
sıfır bir iki üç dört beş altı yeti sekiz dokuz on

Loanwords

Loanwords from Ossetian, Kabardian, Arabic, and Persian are fairly numerous.[4]

Bibliography

  • Chodiyor Doniyorov and Saodat Doniyorova. Parlons Karatchay-Balkar. Paris: Harmattan, 2005. ISBN 2-7475-9577-3.

References

  1. Население Российской Федерации по владению языками (XLS) (in Russian). Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Karachay-Balkar". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Course Information: Karachay-Balkar Turkish". Sakarya University.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 George L. Campbell and Gareth King (2013). Compendium of the World Languages. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-1362-5846-6. Retrieved 23 May 2014. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links