Carib language

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Carib
Kaliña
Native to Venezuela, the Guianas, a few in Brazil
Ethnicity Kali'na
Native speakers
7,400 (2001–2007)[1]
Cariban
  • Guianan Carib
    • Carib
Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-2 car
ISO 639-3 car
Glottolog gali1262[2]
Kalina

Carib or Kalina is a Cariban language spoken by the Kalina people (Caribs) of South America. It is spoken by around 7,400 people mostly in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.

Names

The language is known by several names to both its speakers and outsiders. Traditionally it has been known as "Carib" in English, after its speakers, called the "Caribs" in English. It is known Caribe in Spanish, Galina in French, and Karaïeb in Dutch. However, the speakers call themselves Kalina or Karìna (variously spelled), and call their language Karìna auran [kaɽiɁnʲauɽaŋ].[3] Other variants include Kali'na, Cariña, Kariña, Kalihna, Kalinya; other native names include Maraworno and Marworno.

Dialects

Carib dialects (with number of speakers indicated in parentheses):[4]

  • Venezuelan Carib (1000)
  • Guyanese Carib (2000)
  • Western Surinamese Carib (500)
  • Eastern Surinamese and French Guianese Carib (3000)

Alphabet

The Carib alphabet consists of 15 letters: a, e, i, j, k, m, n, o, p, r, s, t, u, w, and y.[5]

References

  1. Carib at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Galibi Carib". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Courtz, Henk (2008). A Carib Grammar and Dictionary (PDF). Magoria Books. p. 1. ISBN 0978170768. Retrieved May 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Courtz, Henk (2008). A Carib Grammar and Dictionary (PDF). Magoria Books. p. 5. ISBN 0978170768. Retrieved May 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Courtz, Henk (2008). A Carib Grammar and Dictionary (PDF). Magoria Books. p. 16. ISBN 0978170768. Retrieved May 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links