Karl-Heinz Weber

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Karl-Heinz Weber
File:Karl-Heinz Weber.jpg
Karl-Heinz Weber
Nickname(s) Benjamin
Born (1922-01-30)30 January 1922
Heringsdorf
Died 7 June 1944(1944-06-07) (aged 22)
south of Rouen, France
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Luftwaffe
Years of service 1939–44
Rank Hauptmann
Unit JG 51, JG 1
Commands held III./JG 1
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Karl-Heinz Weber (30 January 1922 – 7 June 1944) was a Luftwaffe flying ace of World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Weber was credited with 136 aerial victories—that is, 136 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft. All his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front in over 500 combat missions.[1]

Career

Karl-Heinz Weber was born on 30 January 1922 in Heringsdorf in the province of Pomerania, a Free State of Prussia. A pre-war glider pilot, he volunteered for military service in the Luftwaffe in late 1939. Leutnant Weber was posted to 7./Jagdgeschwader 51 (JG 51—51st Fighter Wing) on 1 October 1940.[Note 1] He claimed his first aerial victory on 24 June 1941 during the opeing phase of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union.[2] He was credited with his 100th aerial victory on 13 August 1943.[3] He was the 49th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.[4]

Weber was appointed Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of III./Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1—1st Fighter Wing) on 3 June 1944. Only four days later, on 7 June, Weber led III./JG 1 against Allied fighters south of Rouen on his first mission over the Invasion Front. It is assumed that he was shot down and killed in his Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 (Werknummer 410 399—factory number) by Polish Army Air Forces (P.A.F) P-51 Mustangs. His body was never recovered. Weber was posthumously awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.[2]

Awards

Notes

  1. For an explanation of Luftwaffe unit designations see Organisation of the Luftwaffe during World War II.
  2. According to Obermaier and Thomas on 30 September 1942.[2][5]

References

Citations

  1. Spick 1996, p. 230.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Obermaier 1989, p. 68.
  3. Weal 1998, p. 64.
  4. Obermaier 1989, p. 244.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Thomas 1998, p. 419.
  6. Patzwall 2008, p. 213.
  7. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 498.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 770.
  9. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 437.
  10. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 85.

Bibliography

  • Aders, Gebhard & Held, Werner (1993). Jagdgeschwader 51 'Mölders' Eine Chronik - Berichte - Erlebnisse - Dokumente (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-01045-3.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-1696-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Weal, John (1998). Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Aces of the Russian Front. London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-518-7.
  • Frey, Gerhard; Herrmann, Hajo: Helden der Wehrmacht III - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2007. ISBN 978-3-924309-82-4.

External links

  • "Aces of the Luftwaffe". Karl-Heinz Weber. Retrieved 28 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Lexikon der Wehrmacht". Karl-Heinz Weber. Retrieved 28 December 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>