Kayapo language

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Kayapó
Native to Brazil
Region Mato Grosso
Ethnicity Kayapo
Native speakers
8,638 (2010)[1]
Macro-Ge
  • Ge
    • Northwest
      • Kayapó
Language codes
ISO 639-3 txu
Glottolog kaya1330[2]

Kayapó is a Jê language of Brazil. The majority are monolingual, and most who are bilingual speak other indigenous languages; perhaps 1% speak Portuguese.

Phonetics and phonology

Kayapó has a total of 33 phonemes: 16 consonants and 17 vowels, which are divided as 10 oral vowels and 7 nasal vowels.[3] Kayapó is the only Jê language to have a series of oral stops.

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Voiceless stop p t t͡ʃ k ʔ
Voiced stop b d d͡ʒ g
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Liquid w ɾ j

Vowels

Oral Nasal
i ɯ u ĩ ɯ̃ ũ
e ɤ o õ
ɛ ʌ ɔ ʌ̃
a ã

References

  1. Kayapó at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kayapo". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Salanova, A. P. (2001). A nasalidade em Mebengokre e Apinayé: o limite do vozeamento soante. Master's thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas.

See also