Kharatara Gaccha

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Kharatara Gaccha is one of Shvetambara Murtipujaka Gacchas. It is also called Vidhisangha (the Assembly) as they follow secred texts literally.[1][2]

History

Origin

It was founded by Vardhamana Suri[2] (till 1031). His teacher was a temple-dwelling monk. He rejected him because of not following texts.[1] His pupil, Jineshvara, got honorary title 'Kharatara' (Sharp witted or Fierce) because he defeated Suracharya, leader of Chaityavasis in public debate in 1023 at Anahilvada Patan. So the Gaccha got his title.[2] Another tradition regards Jinadatta Suri (1075-1154) as a founder of Gaccha.[2][3]

Well known ascetics

  • Jinavallabha realised the difference between texts and words of teachers and put emphasis on sacred texts in Kharatara doctrine in the eleventh century. He wrote the Crown of Assembly.[1]
  • Jinadatta Suri is the most famous ascetic of Gaccha who won converts in Sindh. After his death at Ajmer, a monument was erected there and the place is known as Dadabari.[1]
  • Jinakushala Suri (1279–1331) gained many converts in western India.[1]
  • Jinachandra Suri (1537–1612) visited Lahore in 1591, where he convinced Akbar to stop Muslim attack on Jain temples.[1]

Doctrines

Kharatara ascetics follow every word of the sacred texts. They follow basic Shvetambara canon and works of other Kharatara teachers.[1]

Adherents

Ascetics: 193 nuns, 19 monks in 1986 [1] or 50-75 monks and 300 nuns [2]

Main Centre

Rajasthan[1] and West Bengal.[2]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Overview of world religions-Jainism-Kharatara Gaccha". http://www.philtar.ac.uk/encyclopedia/index.html. Division of Religion and Philosophy, University of Cumbria. Retrieved 27 November 2012. External link in |work= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Glasenapp, Helmuth (1999). Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 389. ISBN 9788120813762. Retrieved 27 November 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. John E. Cort (22 March 2001). Jains in the World : Religious Values and Ideology in India: Religious Values and Ideology in India. Oxford University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-19-803037-9. Retrieved 6 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>