Kurds in Iran

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Kurds in Iran
Total population
estimates from 6,738,787[1] to 8,000,000[2][3][4]
Languages
Kurdish
Religion
Mainly Sunni Islam but also Shia Islam
Related ethnic groups
other Iranian peoples (Yazidis & Zazas)

Kurds in Iran also known as Iranian Kurds refers to people born in or residing in Iran who are of Kurdish origin. The Kurds are the third largest ethnic minority in Iran after the ethnic Persians and Iranian Azerbaijanis, comprising more than 10% of the country's population according to the CIA.[5][6][7]

Geographic distribution

Iranian Kurdistan or Eastern Kurdistan (Kurdish: Rojhilatê Kurdistanê),[citation needed] is an unofficial name for the parts of northwestern Iran inhabited by Kurds which borders Iraq and Turkey. It includes the Kurdistan Province, Kermanshah Province, parts of West Azerbaijan Province and Ilam Province.[8][9][10]

Kurds generally consider Iranian Kurdistan to be one of the four parts of a greater Kurdistan, which also includes parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Syria (Western Kurdistan), and northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan).[11]

According to the last census conducted in 2006, the four Kurdish-inhabited provinces in Iran, West Azerbaijan (2,873,459), Kermanshah Province (1,879,385), Kurdistan Province (1,440,156), and Ilam Province (545,787) have a total population of 6,738,787.[12] Pockets of Lurs inhabit the southern areas of Ilam Province.[13]

Kurds in all province of Iran hava population about 9%—10% Iran's population[14][15][16] a significant portion are Sunna.[17] Sunni Kurds inhabit Kermanshah Province, except for those parts where people are Jaff, and Ilam Province; as well as some parts of Kurdistan and Hamadan provinces. The Kurds of Khorasan Province in northeastern Iran are also adherents of Sunni Islam. During the Shia revolution in Iran the major Kurdish political parties were unsuccessful in absorbing Sunni Kurds, who at that period had no interest in autonomy.[18][19][20] However, since the 1990s Kurdish nationalism has seeped into the Sunni Kurdish area partly due to outrage against government's violent suppression of Kurds farther north.[21]

The Medes are considered to be the ancestors of the modern Kurdish people in the Middle East.[22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27]

See also

References

  1. "Iran Provinces". statoids.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Hoare, Ben; Parrish, Margaret, eds. (1 March 2010). "Country Factfiles — Iran". Atlas A–Z (Fourth ed.). London: Dorling Kindersley Publishing. p. 238. ISBN 9780756658625.

    Population: 74.2 million
    Religions: Shi'a Muslim 93%, Sunni Muslim 6%, other 1%
    Ethnic Mix: Persian 50%, Azari 24%, other 10%, Kurd 8%, Lur and Bakhtiari 8%

    poem stripmarker in |quote= at position 1 (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). A rough estimate in this edition has populations of 14.3 million in Turkey, 8.2 million in Iran, about 5.6 to 7.4 million in Iraq, and less than 2 million in Syria, which adds up to approximately 28–30 million Kurds in Kurdistan or adjacient regions. CIA estimates are as of August 2015 – Turkey: Kurdish 18%, of 81.6 million; Iran: Kurd 10%, of 81.82 million; Iraq: Kurdish 15%-20%, of 37.01 million, Syria: Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%, of 17.01 million.
  4. Yildiz, Kerim; Fryer, Georgina (2004). The Kurds: Culture and Language Rights. Kurdish Human Rights Project.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Data: 18% of Turkey, 20% of Iraq, 8% of Iran, 9.6%+ of Syria; plus 1–2 million in neighboring countries and the diaspora
  5. "Iran". The World Factbook. Retrieved 26 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Iran" (PDF). Library of Congress. May 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Iran Peoples". Looklex Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2013-07-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Federal Research Division, 2004, Iran: A Country Study, Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-4191-2670-9, ISBN 978-1-4191-2670-3, p. 121, "The Kurdish area of Iran includes most of West Azerbaijan."
  9. Youssef Courbage, Emmanuel Todd, 2011, A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World, p. 74. Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-15002-4, ISBN 978-0-231-15002-6. "Kurds are also a majority of the population in the provinces of Kermanshah, West Azerbaijan, and Ilam."
  10. William Eagleton, 1988, An Introduction to Kurdish Rugs and Other Weavings, University of California, Scorpion, 144 pages. ISBN 0-905906-50-0, ISBN 978-0-905906-50-8. "Iranian Kurdistan is relatively narrow where it touches the Soviet border in the north and is hemmed in on the east by the Azerbaijani Turks. Extending south along the border west of Lake Urmia is the tribal territory."
  11. Kurdish Awakening: Nation Building in a Fragmented Homeland, (2014), by Ofra Bengio, University of Texas Press
  12. "Iran Provinces". statoids.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. [1][dead link]
  14. "Iran". The World Factbook. Retrieved 26 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Iran" (PDF). Library of Congress. May 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Iran Peoples". Looklex Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2013-07-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Who are the Sunnah in Iran? - SONS OF SUNNAH". sonsofsunnah.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Romano, David (2006). The Kurdish Nationalist Movement. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 235. ISBN 0-521-85041-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. McDowall (1996). A Modern History of the Kurds. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 270. ISBN 1-85043-653-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "The Passion and Death of Rahman the Kurd". google.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. McDowall (1996). A Modern History of the Kurds. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 278. ISBN 1-85043-653-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "The Return Of The Medes". Gracethrufaith.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. http://shoebat.com/2015/03/12/an-antichrist-covenant-is-on-the-horizon-turkey-is-making-peace-with-the-kurds-to-complete-a-sunni-alliance-which-has-prophetic-significance/
  24. "New Englander and Yale Review". google.co.cr.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "The Kurdish Political Struggles in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey". google.co.cr.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Before the Greeks". google.co.cr.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "Assyrians, Kurds, and Ottomans". google.co.cr.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>