Kurds in Jordan

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Kurds in Jordan
Total population
30,000[1]–100,000[2] ~1% of the population
Regions with significant populations
Amman, Irbid, Salt and Zarqa[1]
Languages
Arabic, Kurdish[1]
Religion
Alevism and Sunni Islam[2][3]
Related ethnic groups
Iranian people

Kurds in Jordan refers to people born in or residing in Jordan who are of Kurdish origin. The Kurdish population in Jordan is approximately 30,000 and they mainly live in the cities of Amman, Irbid, Salt and Zarqa. The approximately 100 years old community are almost completely integrated into the Jordanian society. Because of the integration of the Kurdish community, they do not have a granted seat in the Parliament of Jordan.[1]

Kurds have been living in Jordan since 1173 with the establishment of Saladin's Ayyubid dynasty.[1] Kurds in the military of the Ottoman Empire later settled in Salt.[4] Kurds fled to Jordan as a result of the Kurdish massacres in Turkey in the 1920s and 1930s,[5] more Kurds arrived to Jordan from Palestine during the Nakba and the 1967 Palestinian exodus[3] and later Kurdish refugees arrived to Jordan from Iraq after the Gulf War.[6] There are also many Iranian Kurds in Jordan as refugees as a result of the Islamic revolution of Iran.[7][8]

The former Jordanian Prime Minister Saad Jumaa was of Kurdish origin.[9]

See also

Further reading

  • al-Akrād al-Urdunīyūn wa-dawruhum fī bināʾ al-Urdun al-ḥadīth / taqdīm wa-iʻd̄ad Muḥammad ʻAlī al-Ṣuwayrakī al-Kurdī. الأكراد الأردنيون ودورهم في بناء الأردن الحديث / تقديم وإعداد محمد علي الصويركي الكردي (in Arabic). Dār Sindibād lil-Nashr. 2004. p. 191. ISBN 9957150308. |access-date= requires |url= (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Muhammad ʻAli ̄al-Suwayriki.̄ Kurdi, Kadri Yıldırım (2006). Ürdün kürtleri ve modern Ürdün'ün yapılandırılmasındaki rolleri (in Turkish). Turkey: Avesta. p. 236. ISBN 9789944382144. |access-date= requires |url= (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Language and Cultural Shift Among the Kurds of Jordan" (PDF). Retrieved 5 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Diaspora: Die Gemeinschaft in Jordanien". Kurdica (in German). Kurdica. Retrieved 10 December 2012. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Ethnic and religious groups". Fanack. Retrieved 5 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "The Kurds from Jordan: The history of one dynasty". Kurdish Globe. 13 June 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "The Kurds of Lebanon: Socioeconomic Mobility and Political Participation via Naturalization" (PDF). Guita Hourani. Notre Dame University. Retrieved 10 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Integrative Project: Research Materials" (PDF). Perspectives Canada. Perspectives Canada. 26 February 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Support committee urges help for Iranian Kurds in Jordan-Iraq border camp". BBC Monitoring. 23 February 2003. Retrieved 10 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "UNHCR worried about welfare of Iranian-Kurds on Iraq-Jordan border". UNCHR. UNCHR. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "أول كتاب عن الأكراد الأردنيين: أقلية غير منعزلة ومنهم رؤساء حكومات [The first book about the Kurds Jordanians: non-isolated minority, including the heads of governments]" (in Arabic). Retrieved 9 December 2012. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>