Lebanon County, Pennsylvania

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Lebanon County, Pennsylvania
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lebanon County
Location in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1813
Seat Lebanon
Largest city Lebanon
Area
 • Total 362 sq mi (938 km2)
 • Land 362 sq mi (938 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 136,359
 • Density 377/sq mi (146/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lebcounty.org

Lebanon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 133,568.[1] Its county seat is Lebanon.[2] The county was formed from portions of Dauphin and Lancaster counties in 1813, with minor boundary revisions in 1814 and 1821.[3]

Lebanon County comprises the Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 362 square miles (940 km2), of which 362 square miles (940 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is drained by Swatara Creek and its branches. It consists in large part of a valley.[5]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 16,988
1830 20,557 21.0%
1840 21,872 6.4%
1850 26,071 19.2%
1860 31,831 22.1%
1870 34,096 7.1%
1880 38,476 12.8%
1890 48,131 25.1%
1900 53,827 11.8%
1910 59,565 10.7%
1920 63,152 6.0%
1930 67,103 6.3%
1940 72,641 8.3%
1950 81,683 12.4%
1960 90,853 11.2%
1970 99,665 9.7%
1980 108,582 8.9%
1990 113,744 4.8%
2000 120,327 5.8%
2010 133,568 11.0%
Est. 2014 136,359 [6] 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 120,327 people and 32,771 families residing in the county. The population density was 332 people per square mile (128/km²). There were 49,320 housing units at an average density of 136 per square mile (53/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.46% White, 1.29% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.26% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 4.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.6% were of German, 11.8% American and 6.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.5% spoke English, 4.2% Spanish and 1.1% Pennsylvania Dutch as their first language.

There were 46,551 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

Metropolitan Statistical Area

The United States Office of Management and Budget[12] has designated Lebanon County as the Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census[13] the metropolitan area ranked 16th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 296th most populous in the United States with a population of 133,568. Lebanon County is also a part of the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Lebanon County as well as Adams, Cumberland, Dauphin, Perry and York Counties in Pennsylvania. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 5th in the State of Pennsylvania and 43rd most populous in the United States with a population of 1,219,422.

Politics and government

United States House of Representatives

The county is divided into the 6th congressional district, represented by Ryan Costello, Republican, and the 15th congressional district, represented by Charlie Dent, Republican.

State Senate

All of the county falls within the 48th Pennsylvania Senatorial District. The seat is currently held by State Sen. Mike Folmer, a Republican.

State House of Representatives

The county is divided into the 101st and 102nd Pennsylvania House Districts.

101st District

The 101st District, served by Republican Mauree Gingrich, whose term expires in 2015, includes:

102nd District

The 102nd District, served by Republican Russ Diamond, whose term expires in 2017, includes:

104th District

The 104th District, which includes North Annville Twp. and East Hanover Twp., is represented by Republican Sue Helm, whose term expires 2015.

County government

The county is governed by three commissioners, who are elected every four years from a slate of four candidates (two Democrats and two Republicans). Other elected officials include County Controller, Sheriff, Coroner, Prothonotary and Clerk of Court, Recorder of Deeds, County Treasurer, and Jury Commissioners.

Voter registration

As of November 2008, there are 82,394 registered voters in Lebanon County.[14]

Electoral history

The county has a history of being one of the most Republican counties in Pennsylvania. No Democratic Presidential candidate has won Lebanon County since 1936, when Franklin Delano Roosevelt won re-election in a landslide. Lebanon County was one of only four counties in the state to vote for Barry Goldwater in 1964, along with Snyder, Union, and Wayne counties.

In the 2006 election for U.S. Senate, the county cast 21,756 votes (55.1%) for Republican Rick Santorum and 17,737 (44.9%) for Democrat Bob Casey, Jr., who won the race. In that year's gubernatorial election, the county cast 22,775 votes (57.5%) for Republican Lynn Swann and 16,813 (42.5%) for Democrat Ed Rendell, who won the race.[15]

In the 2004 presidential election, the county cast 37,089 votes (66.6%) for Republican George W. Bush and 18,109 (32.5%) for Democrat John Kerry. In that same year's election for U.S. Senate, the county cast 35,336 votes (66.8%) for Republican Arlen Specter, 13,182 for Democrat Joe Hoeffel, 3,320 (6.3%) for Constitution Party candidate Jim Clymer, and 1,083 (2.0%) for Libertarian Betsy Summers.[16] In the 2008 presidential election the county cast 34,314 votes (58.59%) for Republican John McCain and 23,310 votes (39.8%) for Barack Obama.[17]

In the 2002 gubernatorial election, the county cast 22,659 votes (62.7%) for Republican Mike Fisher and 12,712 (35.2%) for Democrat Ed Rendell, who won the race. In the 2002 race for the U.S. House of Representatives, Republican George Gekas received 21,733 votes (60.9%) from the county while Democrat Tim Holden received 13,945 (39.1%); Holden won.[18]

Education

Map of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Colleges and universities

Public school districts

Communities

Map of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lebanon County:

City

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

See also

Parks & Recreational Places to Visit

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 17, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Our County. Lebanon County Historical Society. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Lebanon, a S. E. county of Pennsylvania". The American Cyclopædia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb
  13. http://www.census.gov/2010census/
  14. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of State. "November 2008 Voter Registration Statistics" (XLS). Retrieved 2008-11-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=24
  16. http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=11
  17. http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2008&fips=42075&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  18. http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=7

External links

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