List of Christian Universalists

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This is a list of believers in Christian Universalism—specifically, Trinitarian Universalism prior to the 1961 creation of the Unitarian Universalist Association. Early Christians—from the second through fourth centuries—have been catalogued by scholars Hosea Ballou (Ancient History of Universalism, 1828), John Wesley Hanson (Universalism: The Prevailing Doctrine of the Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years, 1899), George T. Knight (The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1911), and Pierre Batiffol (Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914), but modern scholarship questions the claim that all of these individuals were believers in universal reconciliation.[a] Some of those listed here may have simply believed in apokatastasis in the Jewish or early Christian sense, without any intention that all who had ever lived would be saved.

Several modern Christian theologians have been deemed "hopeful Universalists" for a belief in the possibility of universal reconciliation, but who did not claim it was a dogmatic fact—e.g. Karl Barth and Cormac Murphy-O'Connor.


Name Lived Nationality Denomination Notes
Coppin, RichardRichard Coppin 1500s or 1600s – 1660s English Anglican, later Presbyterian Ranter Anglican clergyman
Law, WilliamWilliam Law 1686 – April 9, 1761 English Anglican Cleric
Leade, JaneJane Leade 1624–1704 English Behemenist, later Philadelphian Mystic, founder of the Philadelphians
Mack, AlexanderAlexander Mack July 27, 1679 – January 18, 1735 German Reformed, later Brethren/German Baptist Founder and first minister of the Brethren/German Baptists
Pico della Mirandola, GiovanniGiovanni Pico della Mirandola February 24, 1463 – November 17, 1494 Italian Roman Catholic Kabbalist and philosopher
Pordage, JohnJohn Pordage 1607–1681 English Anglican, later Philadelphian Priest and mystic
Ramsay, Andrew MichaelAndrew Michael Ramsay January 9, 1686 – May 6, 1743 Scottish Roman Catholic
Potter, ThomasThomas Potter 1689–1777 American Baptist, later Universalist Church of America Universalist minister
Winstanley, GerrardGerrard Winstanley 1609 – September 10, 1676 English Digger and Quaker


  • ^ For example, Frederick W. Norris in the article on apocatastasis in 2004's The Westminster Handbook to Origen writes that "As far as we can tell, therefore, Origen never decided to stress exclusive salvation or universal salvation, to the strict exclusion of either case."

Works cited


See also