List of Russian scientists

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Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian polymath scientist, inventor, poet and artist, the founder of Moscow State University.

This list of Russian and Soviet scientists includes scientists associated with modern Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia, Russian Tsardom, and the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

Regardless of ethnicity or emigration, the list includes famous natives of Russia and its predecessor states as well as the people who were born elsewhere but spent most of their active life in Russia.


Earth scientists

Biologists and paleontologists

Physicians and psychologists

Economists and sociologists

Historians and archeologists

File:Artamonov student.jpg

Linguists and ethnographers



Astronomers and cosmologists


Chemists and material scientists

Structural engineers

File:Augustin de Betancourt in Russian attire, 1810s.jpg

File:Vladimir Grigoryevich Shukhov 1891.jpg

Aerospace engineers

Naval engineers

Electrical engineers

Computer scientists

File:Victor Glushkov envelope-cropped.jpg

See also


  1. M.A. Blagorazumova, "Collected Scientific Papers of the Theoretical and Clinical Departments of Volgograd Medical Institute [in Russian] (17). 1956.
  2. Andrea Ruzza. Nonpsychotic mental disorder after open heart surgery. Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals October 16, 2013
  3. Ukrainian doctors which changed the world.