List of communist parties

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There are a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world, and a number that used to be active. The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the formation of the communist Third International by the Russian Bolsheviks. Undoubtedly the most important of these parties were those of the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China: the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of China, respectively.

Some communist parties have names such as Workers' Party, Socialist Party, Progressive Party, etc. Most, but not all, of the parties on this list are those that were aligned with either Moscow, Beijing or Tirana during the Cold War and their offshoots. Groups currently and exclusively participating in the Trotskyist or the Left communist tradition are not included in the listing, see List of Trotskyist organizations by country and List of Left communist organizations by country.

Groups currently participating in other than Marxist movements, but related to communism, like Anarcho-communist and Jucheist[1] traditions are not included in the listing.

Officially ruling parties in communist states

In the following countries, the communist parties either lead the ruling coalition or hold monopoly on state power, as defined by their respective country's constitutions.

Communist parties as ruling parties or part of ruling coalition in multi-party states

Formerly ruling

Modern (non-ruling)

Former

Defunct (once ruling)

Defunct (non-ruling)

See also

References

  1. Workers' Party of Korea leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland and is by some scholars and leftists not considered as communist party (like: Shin, Gi-wook (2006). Ethnic Nationalism in Korea: Genealogy, Politics, and Legacy. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804754088.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>). Even if it is not a common point view WPK and North Korea started recently to consider themselves as jucheist exclusively. The party participates in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties though. (source: List of participants of 15th International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties 2013); for more details see Juche.
  2. "Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (Brazil)".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Labour Party of Colombia".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Communist Party of the Dominican Republic".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Dominican Workers' Party (Marxist–Leninist)".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "New Communist Party of Haiti (Marxist–Leninist)".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Iraqi Revolutionary Marxist–Leninists Regroupment".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Israeli Communist Forum".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Japan Labor Party".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Workers' Communist Party In Japan".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Filipino Workers Party".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Polish Party of the Working Class - Initiative Group".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Regional Party of Communists".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Communist Party of Spain (Maoist)".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Reconstrucción Comunista blog
  16. http://www.iniciativacomunista.org/
  17. http://www.kimetz.org/
  18. http://andaluciacomunista.org/
  19. http://redroja.net/
  20. POSI
  21. "All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks - Ukraine".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Communist Party Alliance".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Bolshevik Platform of the KPSS".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links