List of coups d'état and coup attempts

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General Napoleon during the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud, detail of painting by François Bouchot, 1840

This is a chronological list of coups d'état and coup attempts, from ancient times to the present.

BCE

1–999 CE

Nero was the target of many plots. Here a plaster bust conserved at the Pushkin Museum, Moscow.
As-Saffah is proclaimed the caliph, from Balami's Tarikhnama.

1000–1699

General Yi Seong-gye, later crowned Taejo of Joseon.

1700–1799

1800–1899

Benito Juárez, after whom Benito Mussolini was named, took part himself in a coup.

1900–1909

1903

1908

1909

1910–1919

1910

1913

Citizens throng around The Citadel (La ciudadela) building during La decena tragica in 1913.

1916

  • While touring the city of Harar, Lij Iyasu V was deposed by a cabal of aristocrats in favor of his aunt Zewditu I. Forces loyal to him are defeated at Segale, and Lij Iyasu wanders northwestern Ethiopia with a small band of loyal followers until captured five years later.

1917

  • In Costa Rica, President Alfredo González Flores was overthrown in a coup d'état led by General José Federico Alberto de Jesús Tinoco Granados and established a repressive military dictatorship.
  • In Russia, August 1917, the Russian Commander-in-Chief General Kornilov attempted a Putsch, which was rapidly defeated.

1919

1920–1929

Defendants in the Beer Hall Putsch trial. Ludendorff is fifth from the left, with Hitler to the right. Ernst Röhm is to the right and in front of Hitler. Note that only two of the defendants, Hitler and Frick, were dressed in civilian clothing.

1920

1921

1922

Benito Mussolini and Fascist Blackshirts during the March on Rome in 1922. Mussolini stayed out of most of the march.

1923

1924

1925

1926

Józef Piłsudski and other leaders of the May Coup (1926) on Poniatowski Bridge in Warsaw.

1928

1929

1930–1939

1930

1932

March in support of the proclamation of the Socialist Republic of Chile, in front of La Moneda Palace (June 12, 1932).

1933

1934

1935

1936

1st Lt. Niu Yoshitada and his rebel troops in the February 26th Incident of 1936.

1937

  • Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas, governing democratically since 1934, launches a self-coup and becomes the Dictator of Brazilian Estado Novo ("New State").

1938

  • Vargas forces detected the attempted Integralista coup in Brazil. Vargas and guards shoot it out with insurgents at the Guanabara Palace.

1939

1940–1949

1940

1941

1942

  • French resistance coup in Algiers, by which 400 Civil French patriots neutralized Vichyst XIXth Army Corps in Algiers during 15 hours, arrested vichyst generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), and so allowed the immediate success of Operation Torch.

1943

1944

The conference room where Hitler survived the 20 July plot of 1944 after the explosion.

1945

1947

1948

1949

1950–1959

1951

1952

1953

1954

1955

1956

1957

1958

1959

  • Air Force military hijack a civil airplane and attempt a coup against Juscelino Kubitschek, in Brazil.

1960–1969

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970–1979

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

  • Military coup in Pakistan. Army Chief Gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq overthrows the civilian government and hangs Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1979 after a sham trial.
  • 21 Failed coup is occurred during the time of General Ziaur Rahman in Bangladesh. General Ziaur Rahman killed 2500 soldiers and officer (Army, Air Force, Navy) for these failed coups.

1978

1979

1980–1989

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990–1999

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

  • Military-backed indirect coup in Turkey. It was named a "postmodern coup" by one of the top-ranking generals. Although the parliament was not dissolved, the military pressure resulted in the Prime Minister's resignation.

1998

  • In Albania, the funeral of Azem Hajdari turns violent as the Prime Minister's Office is attacked, obliging Fatos Nano to hastily flee and step down shortly after. His party remains in power.

1999

2000–2009

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Tanks in Bangkok's street in 2006

2007

2008

2009

2010–present

See also

References

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  4. Bingham, Woodbridge (1950). "Li Shih-min's coup in A. D. 626. I: The climax of princely rivalry". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 70 (2).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "History of the Plot". The Gunpowder Plot Society. Retrieved 2008-10-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  7. New York Times Special Report: Secret History of the CIA in Iran, http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/mideast/041600iran-cia-index.html
  8. Cullather, Nick (1999). Secret History: The CIA's classified account of its operations in Guatemala, 1952–1954. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3311-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. DePalma, Anthony (2008-03-06). "Ramón Barquín, Cuban Colonel, Dies at 93". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Sullivan, Patricia (2008-03-06). "Ramón M. Barquín, 93; Led Failed '56 Coup in Cuba". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Szulc, pg. 78
  12. Szulc, pg. 81
  13. Szulc, pgs. 80-81
  14. The Middle East and North Africa, 2004. Regional surveys of the world (50th ed.). London: Europa. 2004. ISBN 1-85743-184-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Szulc, pg. 75
  16. Szulc, pgs. 82-83
  17. Falcoff, Mark, Kissinger and Chile, Commentary, 2003.
  18. Nina J. Fitzgerald, Somalia: issues, history, and bibliography, (Nova Publishers: 2002), p.25.
  19. http://educ.ar/educar/site/educar/Alzamientos%20militares%20despu%E9s%20de%201983.html?uri%3Durn%3Akbee%3A38e173e0-0ae9-11dd-888e-00163e000043%26page-uri%3Durn%3Akbee%3Aff9221c0-13a9-11dc-b8c4-0013d43e5fae. Retrieved November 12, 2008. Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Association of Former Intelligence Officers (19 May 2003), US Coup Plotting in Iraq, Weekly Intelligence Notes 19-03<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Second South Pacific Coup". The Guardian. 2 June 2000. Retrieved 23 March 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Coup In Honduras: Army Expels President". CBS/AP. June 29, 2009. Retrieved Oct 7, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "General Assembly condemns coup in Honduras". UN News. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 7 Oct 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Szulc, Tad (1965). "Latin America", The New York Times Company, Library of Congress 65-27528

External links