List of earthquakes in Iran

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Iran is one of the most seismically active countries in the world, being crossed by several major fault lines[1] that cover at least 90% of the country.[2] As a result, earthquakes in Iran occur often and are destructive.

Geology and history

The Iranian plateau is subject to most types of tectonic activity, including active folding, faulting and volcanic eruptions. It is well known for its long history of disastrous earthquake activity. Not only have these earthquakes killed thousands, but they have also led to waste of valuable natural resources.[3] Since 1900, at least 126,000 fatalities have resulted from earthquakes in Iran.[3]

21st century

Date Time Epicenter Magnitude Fatalities Coordinates Name
Apr 16, 2013 10:44:13 Saravan, Iran 7.8 35 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2013 Saravan earthquake
Apr 9, 2013 16:22:50 Bushehr 6.3 30 (early estimate) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2013 Bushehr earthquake
Aug 11, 2012 12:23:18 Tabriz 6.4 and 6.3 306 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquakes
Jun 15, 2011 01:05:30 Kahnooj 5.3 2 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2011 Kahnooj earthquake
Dec 20, 2010 22:12:01 Hosseinabad 6.5 11 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2010 Hosseinabad earthquake
Aug 27, 2010 23:56:34 Damghan 5.9 4 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2010 Damghan earthquake
Sep 10, 2008 11:00:34 Qeshm 6.1 7 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2008 Bandar Abbas earthquake
March 31, 2006 01:17:01 Borujerd 6.1[4] 70[4] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2006 Borujerd earthquake
November 27, 2005 10:22:19 Qeshm 6.0[5] 13[5] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2005 Qeshm earthquake
February 22, 2005 02:25:22 Zarand 6.4[6] At least 602[7] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2005 Zarand earthquake
May 28, 2004 12:38:46 Māzandarān 6.3[8] At least 35[8] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2004 Māzandarān earthquake
December 26, 2003 01:56:52 Bam 6.6[9] At least 30,000[9] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2003 Bam earthquake
June 22, 2002 02:58:21 Qazvin 6.5[10] 262[2] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2002 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake

20th century

Date Time Epicenter Magnitude Fatalities Coordinates Name
March 14, 1998 19:40:02 Golbaf 6.6[11] 5[11] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1998 Golbaf earthquake
May 10, 1997 07:57:29 Birjand-Qaen 7.3 1,567[12] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1997 Qayen earthquake
February 28, 1997 Ardabil 6.0[13] 1,100 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1997 Ardabil earthquake
June 20, 1990 ManjilRudbar 7.4[14] 40,000–50,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake
July 28, 1981 Southern Iran 7.3[15] 1,500[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1981 Sirch earthquake
June 11, 1981 Southern Iran 6.9[15] 3,000[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1981 Golbaf earthquake
September 16, 1978 Tabas 7.8[15] 15,000[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1978 Tabas earthquake
April 10, 1972 Qir 7.1[15] 5,054[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1972 Qir earthquake
August 31, 1968 Dasht-e-Bayaz-Ferdows 7.3[16] 12,000[16] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1968 Dasht-e Bayaz and Ferdows earthquakes
February 10, 1965 16:09 Bostanabad-e Bala 5.1 20 1965 Bostanabad-e Bala earthquake
September 1, 1962 Bou'in-Zahra 7.1[16] 12,225[16] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1962 Buin Zahra earthquake
December 13, 1957 Sahneh 7.1[16] 1,130[16] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1957 Sahneh earthquake
July 2, 1957 Māzandarān 7.1[16] 1,200[16] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1957 Māzandarān earthquake
February 12, 1953 Torud 6.5 970 1953 Torud earthquake
August 5, 1947 Pasni 7.3 500 1947 Pasni earthquake
May 6, 1930 Salmas 7.2[15] 2,500–4,000[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1930 Salmas earthquake
May 1, 1929 Koppeh Dagh 7.4[15] 3,800[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1929 Kopet Dag earthquake
May 25, 1923 Torbat-e Heydariyeh 5.7[15] 2,200[15] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1923 Torbat-e Heydariyeh earthquake
January 23, 1909 Silakhor of Borujerd 7.3[16] 6,000[16] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1909 Borujerd earthquake

Older

Date Time Epicenter Magnitude Fatalities Coordinates Name
January 17, 1895 11:30 Quchan 6.8 1,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1895 Quchan earthquake
November 17, 1893 15:06 Quchan 6.6 18,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1893 Quchan earthquake
June 7, 1755 Kashan Unknown 40,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1755 Kashan earthquake
November 18, 1727 Tabriz Unknown 77,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1727 Tabriz earthquake
April 26, 1721 Shebli 7.3 ~80,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1721 Tabriz earthquake[17]
August 21, 1042 Tabriz 7.6 40,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1042 Tabriz earthquake
March 23, 893 Ardabil Unknown 150,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 893 Ardabil earthquake
December 22, 856 Damghan 7.9 200,000 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 856 Damghan earthquake

See also

References

  1. "Help too late, say quake survivors". CNN. June 24, 2002. Retrieved December 30, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Preliminary Earthquake Reconnaissance Report on the June 22, 2002 Changureh (Avaj), Iran Earthquake". International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. 2002-07-19. Retrieved December 30, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Manuel Berberian. "100 years; 126,000 deaths". The Iranian.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Magnitude 6.1 - Western Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Magnitude 6.0 - Southern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Earthquake Summary Poster". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Magnitude 6.4 - Central Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Magnitude 6.3 - Northern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Magnitude 6.6 - Southeastern Iran". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Magnitude 6.5 - Western Iran". United States Geological Survey. November 13, 2003. Retrieved March 14, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Today In Earthquake History - March 14". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Earthquake Information for 1990". USGS. April 22, 2004. Retrieved December 30, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Significant Earthquakes of the World: 1997". United States Geological Survey. July 16, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. USGS. "M7.4 - northern Iran". United States Geological Survey.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 15.13 "Historic Worldwide Earthquakes". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 16.9 "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900". United States Geological Survey. January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Berberian, Manuel, and Yeats, Robert S. (1999). "Patterns of historical earthquake rupture in the Iranian Plateau" (PDF). Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 89 (1): 120–139, page 130. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2013. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links