List of meat substitutes

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A patty prepared from crushed soybean, avocado, tomato and beetroot

This is a list of meat substitutes. A meat analogue, also called a meat substitute, approximates certain aesthetic qualities (primarily texture, flavor and appearance) or chemical characteristics of specific types of meat. Many analogues are soy-based (see: tofu, tempeh) or gluten-based.

Meat substitutes: natural, traditional and commercially made

Tempeh is a traditional soy product originally from Indonesia that is prepared by a natural culturing and controlled fermentation process that binds soybeans into a cake form.
Thawed and sliced frozen tofu
Tempeh burger served in a restaurant
Mock-meats section, Veganz, Schivelbeiner Straße 34, Berlin, a wide range of Viana and Provamel products is displayed on the left
  • Welsh rarebit
  • Wheat gluten, also known as miàn jīn in Chinese (traditional: , simplified: , literally "dough tendon"; also spelled mien chin or mien ching), or in Japan fu (麩(ja), lit. "gluten") or seitan (グルテンミート, romanized "gurutenmīto," from the English "gluten meat"), or, rarely, (セイタン, "seitan")
  • Worthington Foods

See also


  1. Luna, Nancy (November 12, 2007). "Kellogg buys Irvine-maker of Gardenburger frozen foods". The Orange County Register. Retrieved July 27, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Godwin, Nigel (27 February 2009). "St David's Day recipes: Glamorgan sausages". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 March 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links