List of military equipment manufactured in Iran

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In recent years, the Iranian government states that it has self-sufficiency in essential military hardware and defense systems.[1]

Tehran established an arms development program during the Iran-Iraq war to counter the weapons embargo imposed on it by the US and its Western allies. Since 1992, Iran has manufactured its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles, radars, boats, submarines,unmanned aerial vehicles, and fighter planes.[2]

History

From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran used to be equipped with the very latest Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain Tank). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.

The Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war, all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn to the Soviet Union, North Korea, Brazil, and China to meet its short term military requirements. Nevertheless, the experience of using quality equipment was not lost on any of the branches of the Iranian armed forces. Disappointed by the older Warsaw Pact equipment, Iran sought to develop its own ability to mirror the technology of its likely enemies, and to provide a totally reliable source of equipment for the future.

After the Iranian revolution, developments in military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, China, and North Korea; building upon the foundations established by western contractors. Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors as Iran sought to gain total independence; A major exception however, is the aerospace sector, where Iran is still dependent on external help. Iran has, at present, reverse engineered existing foreign hardware, adapted it to their own requirements and then mass-produced the finished product. Examples of this abound, such as the Boragh and the IAMI Azarakhsh. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products, see Iranian Military Exports.

Defense production

Iran's mobile air defense system, Bavar 373 (in development).

The following list consists of some weapons systems that Iran manufactures domestically:

Aircraft and Helicopters

Unmanned aerial vehicles

  • Ababil[20] - Domestically-manufactured naval surveillance plane. Ababil-5 is for medium-range reconnaissance and surveillance missions and the Ababil-T for short/medium-range attack missions.[21]
  • Mohajer I/II/III/IV[22]
  • Rad (with 'offensive' capabilities)[23]
  • Nazir (surveillance)[23]
  • Saeghe - Target drone
  • Sabokbal - First Iranian super light-weight drone, capable of recording and dispatching films and can be prepared for flight in less than five minutes.
  • Zohal - VTOL unmanned aerial vehicle
  • Talash 1,2 - Iranian training UAV.
  • Karrar - capable of carrying a military payload of rockets to carry out bombing missions against ground targets. It is also capable of flying long distances at a very high speed.[24][25][26]
  • Sofreh Mahi - Stealth UCAV
  • A1 - A1 is capable of travelling for at least two hours, and can carry a 5-kilogram payload.[21]
  • Shaparak (Butterfly) - has a maximum operational radius of 50 kilometers (31 miles), and a maximum flight ceiling of 15,000 feet (4,572 meters). This UAV is capable of three and half hours of non-stop flying, and can carry an 8-kilogram (17-pound) payload.[27]
  • Shahed 129 - UCAV with 24-hour flight capability and armed with Sadid missiles.[28]
  • Sayeh - Reverse-engineered copies of ScanEagle, made on a domestic production line and put into service by the Iranian armed forces.[29]
  • Yasir - Modified version of ScanEagle, it has a 19,500 ft service ceiling, an endurance of 24 hours, and an operational radius of about 750 km.[30][31]
  • H-110 Sarir - capable of carrying air-to-air missiles.
  • Hamaseh - A medium range drone,[32] capable of carrying air to ground missiles.[33]
  • AB-3
  • Raad 85 - Suicide drone.[34]
  • Fotros - UCAV with range of 2000 km,flight ceiling of 25000 ft and 16–30 hours flight endurance, armed with missiles.[35]

Aircraft upgrades and components

  • Iran claims to have upgraded its US-made F-4, F-5, and F-14 fighter jets, and produced spare parts including tires, avionics, and engine components.[36][37]
  • Shahed (Observer) flight recorder - able to record flight, image, and sound parameters.[38]

Simulators

Radar systems

Matla-ul-fajr radar system
  • BSR-1 - VHF radar.
  • Matla-ul-fajr radar system[53]
  • Kashef 1&2 radars[54]
  • Alvand radar[55]
  • Asr radar - Asr radar is described by Iranian officials as a S band naval three-dimensional phased array radar with a range of 200 km and capable of simultaneously identifying and intercepting 100 targets at water level or above, this radar will be installed on Jamaran frigates.[56][57][58]
  • Alim radar system[57][59]
  • RASIT ground-surveillance radar - Iran captured a number of Iraqi radars during the 1980-1988 war, and now manufactures a reverse-engineered version carried aboard a truck[60]
  • Thamen - radar system[61]
  • Electro-optical/radar system[62]
  • E-warfare systems[63][64]
  • Sepehr - OTH radar with a range of 3,000 kilometers in radius[65][66][67]
  • Najm-802 - Phased array radar system[67][68][69]
  • Ghadir - The Ghadir radar system which covers areas (maximum) 1,100 km in distance and 300 km in altitude has been designed and built to identify aerial targets, radar-evading aircraft, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles as well as low-altitude satellites.[70][71][72]
  • Arash - long range radar, entered service in December 2013.[69][73]
  • Ghamar (3D radar) is an Iranian native production in electronic warfare.[74]

Missiles

Medium range (MRBM)

Medium range missiles are considered to have a range between 1000 and 3000 kilometers.

Short range (SRBM)

Short range missiles are considered to have a range up to 1000 kilometers.

Cruise missiles

  • Nasr-1 - Iranian made short range missiles.
  • Meshkat - Iranian cruise missile with range of 2000 kilometers.(under development)
  • Qader - Iranian anti-ship cruise missile with a range over 200 km.
  • Ya-Ali - Iranian land attack cruise missile with 700 km range.
  • Soumar - copy of the Raduga Kh-55.

Anti-tank missiles

Recoilless rifles

  • SPG-9 - reverse engineered version of 73mm SPG-9 recoilless rifle
  • 106mm Recoilless rifle - Iranian version of M40 A2 recoilless rifle

Air defense weapons

Raad air defense system
  • Qaem - anti-helicopter, light-weight, laser guided missile[87][88]
  • Raad - anti-helicopter system.
  • Misagh-1 - copy of Chinese QW-1 Vanguard with upgrades[94]
  • Misagh-2 - copy of Chinese QW-2 Vanguard[94]
  • 23mm Anti-Aircraft Gun - Iranian version of ZU-23 which comes in one or two barrel configurations[95]
  • Samavat 35mm Anti-Aircraft Guns - Copy of Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon skyguard[96]
  • Sa'ir 100mm Anti-Aircraft Guns - Upgraded automatic version of KS-19 100m gun, it can detect and intercept targets automatically through radar or optical systems at low and medium altitude[97]
  • Shahab Thaqeb (شهاب ثاقب) - copy of the Chinese HQ-7 (FM-80)
  • SM-1 copy of RIM-66 Standard.
  • Sayyad-1 / Sayyad-1A - upgraded copy of Chinese HQ-2,[98] Sayyad-1A has IR tracking.
  • Sayyad-2 (Hunter II). Upgraded version of the Sayyad-1 system with higher precision, range and defensive power. It is equipped with a 200-kilogram warhead and has a speed of 1,200 meters per second. The Sayyad-1 missile defense system is composed of two-stage missiles that can target all kinds of aircraft, including bombers, at medium and high altitudes.[99]
  • Fajr-8 - upgrade of S-200[100]
  • Fajr-27 - advanced sea rapid fire cannon[101][102]
  • Fath (victory) - the 40-millimeter naval cannon's range is 12 km and shoots 300 projectiles per minute.[103][104]
  • Mersad - Iran's first advanced air defense system based on the US MIM-23 Hawk. It is capable of hitting modern aircraft flying at low and medium altitudes. The Mersad system is equipped with sophisticated radar signal processing technology, an advanced launcher, and electronic equipment for guidance and target acquisition. Mersad uses domestically manufactured Shahin missiles.[105]
  • Mesbah 1 air defense system - can target and destroy fighters, helicopters, cruise missiles and other objects flying at low altitude. Mesbah 1 is equipped with a three-dimensional interception radar and an optical guidance system. Mesbah 1 can fire four thousand rounds per minute.[106][107]
  • Mehrab (altar) - surface-to-air medium-range smart missile. The Mehrab missile is equipped with anti-radar and anti-jamming systems, and if the enemy tries to jam the guidance system of the missile, it immediately identifies the source of the interference and changes its course toward the source and destroys the jammer.[108]
  • Raad - Air defence system with range of 50 kilometers and engagement altitude of 25 to 27 kilometers[109]
  • Bavar-373 (under development). Iran's corrected version of Russia's S-300 surface-to-air missile system, which uses two or three types of missiles to confront aerial targets in different layers.[110]
  • Ya Zahra - Low-altitude mobile air defense system.[111]
  • Soheil - Quadruped- MANPADS missile launcher, which can detect and intercept aerial targets.[112][113]
  • Herz-9 - Passive low-altitude mobile air defense system with operating range of 10 km and operating altitude of 5 km .[114][115][116]
  • Talaash- A mid-range, high altitude missile mobile air defense missile system which uses an upgraded copy of SM-1 (RIM-66) missile called Sayyad-2, on November 2013 Iran launched the production line of Sayyad-2 missile.(The whole system is still under development)[117][118][119]
  • Asefeh - Asefeh is three-barrelled 23 mm Gatling gun that is reportedly capable of firing up to 900 rounds a minute, it is currently under development by IRGC ground force and will be used as a close in weapon system to defend against cruise missiles.[120]

Air-to-ground munitions

Zoobin electro-optically guided air to surface missile
  • Qadr - Electro-optically guided 2000 lb glide-bomb[121][122]
  • Zoobin - Electro-optically guided 750 lb glide-bomb[121][122]
  • Sattar 1/2/3/4 - Medium Range air-to-ground missiles.
  • Qassed I/II/III - Electro-optically guided 2000 lb bomb. Qassed-2 has a range about 50 km, Qassed-3 has a range of over 100 km[122][123]
  • Asre - Laser-guided air-to-ground missile.[122]
  • Kite - Stand-off sub-munitions dispenser.[122]
  • Yasser - 750 lb air-to-ground missile.[124]
  • Bina - Laser-guided air-to-ground and ground-to-ground missile according to Janes It appears to be an AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground missile with a semi-active laser (SAL) seeker fitted to its nose.[125]
  • Sadid-1 - Light air to ground missile.[citation needed]

Air-to-air missiles

Naval missiles

Khalije-Fars anti ship ballistic missile

Torpedo

Armored Vehicles

Iranian made Zulfiqar tank

Other vehicles

Safir multipurpose vehicle

Mortars

Artillery

  • HM 40 - A 122mm howitzer
  • HM 41 - A 155mm howitzer
  • Wheeled 155-mm self-propelled howitzer[157]
  • Raad 1 - SP gun Chinese Type WZ 501/503 armored infantry fighting vehicle with Russian 122mm gun mounted on top.
  • Raad 2 - SP gun based on the U.S. M109 howitzer[140]
  • Basir - Laser guided 155 mm artillery shell capable of engaging moving targets at the range of 20 km.[158][159]

Rocket Artillery

  • HM 20 - Iranian version of the BM-21
  • Arash - Iranian 122mm unguided artillery rocket
  • Oghab - Iranian 230mm unguided artillery rocket
  • Falaq-1 - Iranian 240mm unguided artillery rocket similar to BM-24
  • Falaq-2 - Iranian 333mm unguided artillery rocket
  • Fajr-1 - Iranian version of 107mm Type 63 MRS artillery rocket[160]
  • Fajr-3 - artillery rocket[161][162]
  • Fajr-5 - artillery rocket[163]
  • Fajr 7 - artillery rocket with a range of over 64 km.

Small arms

Boats and destroyers

Jamaran frigate
  • Sina class - heavily upgraded, French Kaman (Combattante II) class missile boats.
  • Moudge class - upgraded and modified British Alvand (Saam) class (aka Vosper Mk 5 type) frigates.
    • Jamaran - multi-mission frigate with a displacement of around 1,400 tonnes, can carry 120-140 personnel on board and is armed with a variety of anti-ship and surface-to-air missiles.[177][178]
    • Damavand
  • Zolfaqhar - fast attack craft/missile boat[179]
  • Seraj - high-speed attack craft[180][181][182]
  • Yunes 6 - six-passenger hovercraft[183]
  • Tondar - Hovercraft with missile/drone launch capability[184][185]
  • Kharg - At a cost of $800 million, the new 13,000-ton vessel carries 12 Iranian strike helicopters, a crew of 200 and has a range of 8,000 nautical miles that reaches the US coast. There are five landing spots on its decks and four parking spots, as well as SM-1 and SAM anti-air missiles and 40-mm Fath-40 AAA anti-air cannon.[186]

Submarines

Midget Submarines

See also

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