Marginal sea

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Marginal seas as defined by the IMO
The Arabian Sea as a marginal sea of the Indian Ocean

In oceanography, a marginal sea is a sea partially enclosed by islands, archipelagos, or peninsulas, adjacent to or widely open to the open ocean at the surface, and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor.[1][clarification needed]

Marginal seas of the world

The Norwegian Sea

Sources differ over which seas are considered marginal seas as well as which ocean a given sea is considered a marginal part of. There is no single ultimate authority on the matter.

Marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean:

The Irish Sea

Marginal seas of the Atlantic Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Indian Ocean:

Aegean, Adriatic, Ionian, and Tyrrhenian seas

Marginal seas of the Mediterranean Sea:

Marginal sea of the Black Sea:

Marginal seas of the Pacific Ocean:

Marginal seas of the Southern Ocean:

The Caribbean Sea is sometimes defined as a marginal sea,[4] sometimes as a mediterranean sea.[1]

The Caspian Sea is also sometimes defined as a marginal sea, and also the Dead Sea and the Garabogazköl.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (1994). Glossary of the mapping sciences. ASCE Publications. p. 469. ISBN 978-0-7844-0050-0. Retrieved 9 December 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Kara Sea, Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. Laptev Sea, Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 James C. F. Wang (1992). Handbook on ocean politics & law. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 14–. ISBN 9780313264344. Retrieved 9 December 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Longhurt, Alan R. (2007). Ecological Geography of the Sea. Academic Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-12-455521-1. Retrieved 13 December 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Andaman Sea, Encyclopædia Britannica

External links