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Marhaenism or Marhaenisme in Indonesian is a term described by the first Indonesian president, Sukarno, in July 3, 1957 in Bandung. It is a name for a socialism-like ideology of Indonesian. Some scholars argue that Marhaenism is a variant of Marxism.
Marhaenism ideology is described as a political view which emphasize the national unity, culture, and collectivist economics. It was established as an anti-capitalism and anti-imperialism ideology. It supports democratic rights as an opposition to authoritarianism but condemn liberalism and individualism. It combines both western and eastern principles. Marhaenism is the main ideology of Indonesian National Party Marhaenism and now defunct Parti Marhaen Malaysia.
The word marhaen come from the name of a land-poor farmer whom Soekarno met in Priangan. In his meeting, Soekarno realized that the farmer is poor because the lack of access to production tools. Soekarno often address the farmer proletariat class as marhaens in most of his speech. A person that practices marhaenism is called marhaenis.
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