Marion County, West Virginia
|Marion County, West Virginia|
Marion County Courthouse in Fairmont
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 14, 1842|
|Named for||Francis Marion|
|• Total||312 sq mi (808 km2)|
|• Land||309 sq mi (800 km2)|
|• Water||2.8 sq mi (7 km2), 0.9%|
|• Density||184/sq mi (71/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,418. Its county seat is Fairmont. The county was named in honor of General Francis Marion (ca. 1732–1795), known to history as "The Swamp Fox".
Although the Adena and successor Hopewell cultures had flourished in this area at one time, the region which includes the land now known as Marion County was sparsely occupied by Native Americans, if at all, in the late 18th century; like much of the Ohio Valley, it had been depopulated by the Iroquois during the later Beaver Wars (1670–1700). Only a few abortive attempts to start European settlements upon the Monongahela River or its branches (such as that which gave its name to Dunkard Creek) are known prior to the French and Indian War, and it was not until the year 1772 that any permanent settlements were made in this region.
Marion County proper was created by an act of the Virginia Assembly on January 14, 1842, from parts of Monongalia and Harrison Counties, and was named after General Francis Marion, of American Revolutionary War fame, known to history as "The Swamp Fox".
- Interstate 79
- U.S. Highway 19
- U.S. Highway 250
- West Virginia Route 218
- West Virginia Route 273
- West Virginia Route 310
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 56,598 people, 23,652 households, and 15,515 families residing in the county. The population density was 183 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 26,660 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.10% White, 3.22% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 23,652 households out of which 26.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county, the population was spread out with 20.60% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,626, and the median income for a family was $37,182. Males had a median income of $29,005 versus $21,100 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,246. About 11.70% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.
- David Carpenter, baseball player
- Frank Kendall Everest, Jr., The Fastest Man Alive
- Michael Garrison, former president of West Virginia University.
- Frank Gatski, athlete in the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Sam Huff, Pro Football Hall of Fame
- Johnnie Johnson, musician
- John Knowles, author
- Joe Manchin, the former governor of West Virginia and current junior United States Senator from West Virginia.
- Luella Mundel, professor and McCarthyism victim
- Francis H. Pierpont, father of West Virginia
- Mary Lou Retton, all-around gymnastics Olympic gold medal winner (1984 Olympic Games).
- Rich Rodriguez, University of Arizona head football coach.
- Nick Saban, current University of Alabama head football coach
- Harrison C. Summers, WWII hero
- Natalie Tennant, Secretary of State of West Virginia and 2014 U.S. Senate candidate.
- Robert Tinnell, Director, Writer, Producer
- Hershel W. Williams, Medal of Honor recipient for the Battle of Iwo Jima
- Tom Wilson, creator of the comic strip Ziggy.
- Fielding H. Yost, Football Coach
- Prickett's Fort State Park
- Fairmont Marion County Transit Authority
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, West Virginia
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Dunnington, George A. History and Progress of the County of Marion, West Virginia Fairmont, West Virginia: George A. Dunnington, Publisher, 1880; Chap. II: First Settlements
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 10, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Harrison County||Taylor County|
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