Medicinal plants of the American West

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

Many plants that grow in the American West have use in traditional and herbal medicine.

File:Eriogonum fasciculatum 5.jpg
Eriogonum fasciculatum, used in treatment of headaches and diarrhea.
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) contains a large number of pharmacologically active compounds, and has been used for centuries as an effective laxative and diuretic, and as a treatment for bile or liver problems.[1]

List of medicinal plants

  • Broadleaf plantain (Plantago major) is one of the most abundant and widely distributed medicinal crops in the world. A poultice of the leaves can be applied to wounds, stings, and sores in order to facilitate healing and prevent infection.[medical citation needed] The active chemical constituents are aucubin (an anti-microbial agent), allantoin (which stimulates cellular growth and tissue regeneration), and mucilage (which reduces pain and discomfort).[medical citation needed] Plantain has astringent properties, and a tea made from the leaves can be ingested to treat diarrhea and soothe raw internal membranes.[medical citation needed]
  • California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) was chewed by California Indians to treat toothache and to decrease milk production in nursing mothers anti-galactogogue.[4]
  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is used for various ailments including cramps, fevers, and toothache.[9]

See also


  1. Schutz, K.; Carle, R.; Schieber, A. (2006). "Taraxacum—A review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 107 (3): 313–323. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2006.07.021. PMID 16950583.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Palliative Care Among Chumash People". Wild Food Plants. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2007-07-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Takape Kakaaka". Tongva Medicinal Plants. Retrieved 2007-07-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Strike, Sandra (1994). "Aboriginal Uses of California's Indigenous Plants". Ethnobotany of the California Indians. Vol. 2. Champaign: Koeltz Scientific Books. ISBN 1-878762-51-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Sales of Supplements Containing Ephedrine Alkaloids (Ephedra) Prohibited. From the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Accessed September 12, 2007.
  6. Pérez Gutiérrez RM, Laguna GY, Walkowski A. (November–December 1985). "Diuretic activity of Mexican equisetum". J Ethnopharmacol. 14 (2–3): 269–272. doi:10.1016/0378-8741(85)90093-5. PMID 4094471.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Herbs and Spices". Commercial Vegetable Production Guides. Oregon State University. April 2, 2002. Retrieved 2007-07-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Mackowiak PA (October 2000). "Brief history of antipyretic therapy". Clin. Infect. Dis. 31 (Suppl 5): S154–S156. doi:10.1086/317510. PMID 11113017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Yarrow". Factsheets. Purdue Center for New Crops. December 2, 1997. Retrieved 2007-07-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

There are several books about western medicinal plants:

  • Moerman, Daniel E. (2000). Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press, Portland. ISBN 0-88192-453-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> A comprehensive collection of many plants with descriptions of their uses.
  • Strike, Sandra S. (1994). "Aboriginal uses of California's Indigenous Plants". Ethnobotany of the California Indians. Volume 2. Koeltz Scientific Books USA, Champaign. ISBN 1-878762-51-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Very thorough discussion of California medicinal plants.
  • George R. Mead (1972). The Ethnobotany of the California Indians: A Compendium of the Plants, Their Users, and Their Uses. University of Northern Colorado Press, Greeley.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> A partial list of plants used in the west.
  • S. Foster and C. Hobbs (2002). The Peterson Field Guide Series A Field Guide to Western Medicinal Plants and Herbs. Houghton Mifflin Co, New York. ISBN 0-395-83807-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> A field guide with photographs of each plant and descriptions of their uses.
  • C. Garcia and J.D. Adams (2005). Healing with Medicinal Plants of the West - Cultural and Scientific Basis for their Use. Abedus Press, La Crescenta. ISBN 0-9763091-0-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Gives the Chumash Indian and scientific basis for use of many plants, along with color photographs of each plant. Cecilia Garcia is a Chumash healer.
  • Lowell J. Bean and Katherine Siva Saubel (1972). Temalpakh: Cahuilla Indian Knowledge and Usage of Plants. Malki Museum Press, Morongo Indian Reservation.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> A discussion of Cahuilla Indian plants and their uses. Saubel is a Cahuilla Indian.

External links