Michael Artin
Michael Artin  

Michael Artin (photo by George Bergman)


Born  Hamburg, Germany 
28 June 1934
Nationality  American 
Fields  Mathematics 
Institutions  MIT 
Alma mater  Harvard University Princeton University 
Thesis  On Enriques' Surfaces (1960) 
Doctoral advisor  Oscar Zariski 
Doctoral students  Eric Friedlander David Harbater Rick Miranda Zinovy Reichstein Amnon Yekutieli Jian James Zhang 
Notable awards  Harvard Centennial Medal (2005) Steele Prize (2002) Wolf Prize (2013) National Medal of Science (2015) 
Michael Artin (German: [ˈaɐ̯tiːn]; born 28 June 1934) is an American mathematician and a professor emeritus in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology mathematics department, known for his contributions to algebraic geometry.^{[1]}^{[2]}
Life and career
Artin was born in Hamburg, Germany, and brought up in Indiana. His parents were Natalia Naumovna Jasny (Natascha) and Emil Artin, preeminent algebraist of the 20th century. Artin's parents had left Germany in 1937, because Michael Artin's maternal grandfather was Jewish.^{[3]}
Artin did his undergraduate studies at Princeton University, receiving an A.B. in 1955; he then moved to Harvard University, where he received a Ph.D. in 1960 under the supervision of Oscar Zariski.^{[1]}^{[4]}
In the early 1960s Artin spent time at the IHÉS in France, contributing to the SGA4 volumes of the Séminaire de géométrie algébrique, on topos theory and étale cohomology. His work on the problem of characterising the representable functors in the category of schemes has led to the Artin approximation theorem, in local algebra. This work also gave rise to the ideas of an algebraic space and algebraic stack, and has proved very influential in moduli theory. Additionally, he has made contributions to the deformation theory of algebraic varieties. He is currently^{[update]} working on noncommutative rings, especially geometric aspects.^{[5]}
In 2002, Artin won the American Mathematical Society's annual Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement. In 2005, he was awarded the Harvard Centennial Medal. In 2013 he won the Wolf Prize in Mathematics. He is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1969),^{[6]} the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics,^{[1]} and the American Mathematical Society.^{[7]}
See also
References
 ↑ ^{1.0} ^{1.1} ^{1.2} Faculty profile, MIT mathematics department, retrieved 20110103
 ↑ Date information sourced from Library of Congress Authorities data, via corresponding WorldCat Identities linked authority file (LAF) .
 ↑ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Michael Artin", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
 ↑ Michael Artin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 ↑ From the MacTutor biography: "His main research area changed from algebraic geometry to noncommutative ring theory".
 ↑ "Book of Members, 17802010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 April 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
 ↑ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 20121103.
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Michael Artin. 
 Michael Artin at MIT Mathematics
 1934 births
 Living people
 20thcentury mathematicians
 21stcentury mathematicians
 People from Hamburg
 Algebraic geometers
 Algebraists
 American mathematicians
 American people of Armenian descent
 American people of GermanJewish descent
 German Armenians
 German emigrants to the United States
 German mathematicians
 German people of Austrian descent
 Harvard University alumni
 Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty
 Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
 Fellows of the American Mathematical Society
 Fellows of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
 Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
 Presidents of the American Mathematical Society
 Wolf Prize in Mathematics laureates