Military Intelligence (Pakistan)

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Military Intelligence of Pakistan
Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg
Military Intelligence of Pakistan
Active 1948
Country Pakistan
Branch Pakistan Army
Type Intelligence
Garrison/HQ GHQ, Rawalpindi
Director General Major General Nadeem Zaki Manj

The Directorate for Military Intelligence, known as "Military Intelligence" (MI), is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Army. It is headquartered at the General Headquarters (Pakistan Army) in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Unlike the Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), the MI is composed entirely of all uniformed officers who are tasked with gathering offensive counter-insurgence intelligence, identifying and eliminating sleeper cells, foreign agents and other anti-state elements within Pakistan, including investigation of military espionage.[1]

Historical overview

The agency was created by Major General Robert Cawthom, who also served as its first Director. Major General Cawthom later established the ISI Directorate in the 1950s. Prior to the successful imposition of the coup d'état against the government of President Major General (retired) Iskander Mirza, the MI's Director General Major General Syed Shahid Hamid reported to the then-Commander-in-Chief (Chief of Army Staff) Field Marshal Ayub Khan.[1] The MI reported that Martial Law was promulgated in the entire country, both East-Pakistan and West-Pakistan.[1]

In the 1980s, MI's activities included operations in Sindh against the Pakistan Communist Party (CPP) and Indian intelligence operatives.[1]

The MI was also active during the Kargil war where Major General Jamshed Gulzar Kiani led a series of Intelligence-Based Operations (IBOs) against the enemy. However, the MI staged another coup d'état against the democratically-elected government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The MI played a significant and integral role in bringing General Pervez Musharraf, Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, in political power.


The MI works in coordination with Air Intelligence (AI) of the Pakistan Air Force and Naval Intelligence (NI) of the (Pakistan Navy). It reports to the DG MI. All the appointed officers and personnel are from the Army. MI is one of the five main intelligence services in Pakistan. It is tasked with monitoring the military capabilities of its adversaries, counter-espionage operations, identifying and eliminating sleeper cells, foreign agents; the MI also keeps a close eye on the activities of officers within the Pakistan Army.[2] At present, the MI is headed by the Pakistan Army's two-star general, Major General Nadeem Zaki Manj.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 (2000). "Military Intelligence". Global Global Retrieved 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1

See also