Monarchy of Iceland

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Monarchy of Iceland
Kingdom of Iceland Coat of Arms.svg
King Christian X of Denmark.jpg
Kristján X
Style His Majesty
First monarch Kristján X
Last monarch Kristján X
Formation 1 December 1918
Abolition 17 June 1944
Residence Christiansborg Palace
Appointer Hereditary

The Monarchy of Iceland (Icelandic: Konungsríki Íslands; Danish: Kongeriget Island), was the system of government in which an hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Iceland from 1918 to 1944. Under a personal union, due to the Act of Union, the monarch was simultaneously monarch of Denmark.[1] The Parliament of Iceland asked that Denmark represent Iceland internationally, and day-to-day matters were delegated to a Danish plenipotentiary for Icelandic affairs based in Reyjkavik, and; after the German invasion of Denmark in 1940; a regent was appointed.[1]

The monarchy lasted until 17 June 1944, when a national referendum established a constitutional republic in its place.[2]


The monarchy of Iceland was created by the Act of Union of 1918 which transformed the former Danish overseas possession of Iceland into an independent sovereign constitutional monarchy. Iceland adopted a new constitution following the referendum in 1944 which abolished the monarchy.[1] Although many Danes felt offended that Iceland should take such a step at that time (Denmark at that point was still under Military occupation by Germany), Kristján X sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people.

Titles of the Crown

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Halfdanarson, Gudmundur Halfdanarson (2010). The A to Z of Iceland. Scarecrow Press. pp. 23–25. ISBN 0810872080.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Van Cleaf, Kristin Van Cleaf (2007). Iceland. ABDO. p. 7. ISBN 1599287846.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>