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Monoethnicity is the existence of a single ethnic group in a given region or country. It is the opposite of polyethnicity. The use of the concept of monoethnicity has been criticized for being discriminatory and preventing diversity from being recognized.[1]

A Japanese train station in 1990. It is a common belief in and about Japan that the entire country is monoethnic, but there are many ethnic minorities in Japan, such as Koreans, Ainus, Hayatos and Ryukyuans.

It is a common belief in Japan that the entire country is monoethnic, but there are many ethnic minorities in Japan (e.g. Koreans, Ainus, and Ryukyuans).[2] They represent around 1% of the whole population [3]

South Koreans regard themselves as a monoethnic society, although there are small ethnic minorities that exist in South Korea, where they account for around 1% of the South Korean population. These include around 650,000 Chinese immigrants [4]

Most Sub-Saharan African countries have mono-racial societies (>0,1%), but it's common to find several ethnic groups within the same country. The number of immigrants from these African countries has grown substantially since 1990, but they receive virtually almost zero immigration.

Cossacks have sought to establish monoethnicity in certain communities in the Northwest Caucasus.[5]

The Yugoslav Wars are noted as having made territories "de facto monoethnic nation-states".[6]

See also


  1. Deirdre Martin (2009). Language Disabilities in Cultural and Linguistic Diversity. Multilingual Matters. p. 29. ISBN 1847691595.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Osamu Arakaki (2008). Refugee Law and Practice in Japan. Ashgate Publishing. p. 36. ISBN 0754670090.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. (Japanese) [1] 平成24年末現在における外国人登録者統計について].
  4. "Trying to teach South Korea about discrimination", The Los Angeles Times, 2009-02-24<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  5. Walter Richmond (2008). The Northwest Caucasus: Past, Present, Future. Taylor & Francis. p. 141. ISBN 0415776155.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Gary Dempsey (2002). Exiting the Balkan Thicket. Cato Institute. pp. 91–. ISBN 978-1-930865-17-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>