|Gaelic name||Maol Dòmhnaich|
|Meaning of name||Duncan's rounded hill|
Muldoanich shown within the Outer Hebrides
|OS grid reference|
|Island group||Uist and Barra|
|Area||78 hectares (0.30 sq mi)|
|Area rank||164= |
|Highest elevation||Cruachan na h-àin 153 m|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Comhairle nan Eilean Siar|
The island is 78 hectares (193 acres - about a third of a sq. mile) in area and rises to a maximum height of 153 metres (502 ft) at the peak of Cruachan na h-àin ("midday hill").
Muldoanich stands about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south west of Castlebay, the main port on the island of Barra and it is a prominent landmark for the approaching ferry and other craft. It has no level ground and is uninhabited. There are no census records, but the southern headland of Vanish (meaning "headland of the house" or "sacred place" in Gaelic) may indicate habitation at some time in the past.
The name "Muldoanich" is probably the anglicised version of the Scottish Gaelic: Maol Dòmhnaich meaning "Duncan's rounded hill". Mul Domhnach meaning "Sunday island" is another possible derivation. Writing in the 16th century, Dean Munro referred to the island as "Scarp" and it appears as "Scarpa"on Blaeu's atlas of 1654.
Martin Martin refers to "Muldonish" in his 1695 voyage around the Western Isles, stating "about a mile in circumference; it is high in the middle, covered over with heath and grass, and is the only forest here for maintaining the deer, being commonly about seventy or eighty in number."
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- "Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands" (28 November 2003) General Register Office for Scotland. Edinburgh. Retrieved 15 September 2007.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. pp. 216–218. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- 1:50,000 (Map). Ordnance Survey.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Pàrlamaid na h-Alba placenames" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Martin, Martin (1703) "A Description of The Western Islands of Scotland. Appin Regiment/Appin Historical Society. Retrieved 3 March 2007.
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