Municipalities of Lithuania

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Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe. It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe and NATO.[1] In 2010, it had a population of approximately 3.3 million, and an area of 65,300 square kilometres (16,135,981.41 acres; 25,212.47 sq mi).[2] In the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was one of the largest countries in Europe and included present-day Lithuania, Belarus, most of Ukraine, and parts of Estonia, Latvia, Moldova, Poland, and Russia. As a Soviet Socialist Republic (since 1940), Lithuania initiated its declaration of independence in 1990, and gained international recognition the following year.[1]

The country is divided into three layers of administrative divisions. The first-level division consists of 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular – apskritis, plural – apskritys). These are sub-divided into 60 municipalities (Lithuanian: plural – savivaldybės, singular – savivaldybė), which in turn are further sub-divided into over 500 smaller groups, known as elderships (Lithuanian: plural – seniūnijos, singular – seniūnija).

At the end of its tenure as a Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuania's administrative divisions consisted of 44 regions, 12 cities, 80 towns, 19 settlements, and 426 rural districts.[3] The reform of this system was an immediate concern for the new government.[4] The Constitution of Lithuania, ratified in 1992, delegated the power of establishing future administrative units to the Lithuanian Parliament (Seimas). Accordingly, the Seimas passed two fundamental laws: a 1993 law on government representation and a 1994 law specifying the territorial-administrative units and their boundaries.[4] The current system of a set of municipalities under 10 counties was codified by 1995.[4] Several changes were made in 2000, resulting in 60 municipalities.[5] Further changes, including a possible increase in the number of municipalities, are still being discussed.[6] Municipal councilors are directly elected every four years.[7] The councilors then elect the municipality's mayor.[7]

The following map shows counties as well as municipalities. Seven city municipalities and three municipalities are marked by numbers.

A map divided into ten sections all filled in with a different colour and further subdivided into subsections

1 – Vilnius City Municipality
2 – Kaunas City Municipality
3 – Klaipėda City Municipality

4 – Panevėžys City Municipality
5 – Šiauliai City Municipality
6 – Alytus City Municipality

7 – Birštonas Municipality
8 – Palanga City Municipality
9 – Visaginas Municipality
10 – Neringa Municipality

Municipalities

Municipality County Administrative center[8] Area[9] Pop. (2010)[9] Density (2010)[9]
A coat of arms depicting orange tools on a white background on the top and an orange sun on a dark green background on the bottom
Akmenė District Municipality
Šiauliai Naujoji Akmenė 844 square kilometres (208,556.94 acres; 325.87 sq mi) 26,737 31.7
Alytus City Municipality Alytus Alytus 60 square kilometres (14,826.32 acres; 23.17 sq mi) 66,841 1,671.0
Alytus District Municipality Alytus Alytus[nb 1] 1,404 square kilometres (346,935.96 acres; 542.09 sq mi) 30,691 21.9
Anykščiai District Municipality Utena Anykščiai 1,765 square kilometres (436,141.00 acres; 681.47 sq mi) 31,088 17.6
Birštonas Municipality Kaunas Birštonas 124 square kilometres (30,641.07 acres; 47.88 sq mi) 5,178 41.8
Biržai District Municipality Panevėžys Biržai 1,476 square kilometres (364,727.54 acres; 569.89 sq mi) 32,116 21.8
A coat of arms depicting three golden crowns with five spikes protruding from their tops all on a blue background
Druskininkai Municipality
Alytus Druskininkai 454 square kilometres (112,185.84 acres; 175.29 sq mi) 24,044 53.0
Elektrėnai Municipality Vilnius Elektrėnai 509 square kilometres (125,776.64 acres; 196.53 sq mi) 27,622 54.3
Ignalina District Municipality Utena Ignalina 1,447 square kilometres (357,561.49 acres; 558.69 sq mi) 19,374 13.4
Jonava District Municipality Kaunas Jonava 944 square kilometres (233,267.48 acres; 364.48 sq mi) 51,401 54.5
Joniškis District Municipality Šiauliai Joniškis 1,152 square kilometres (284,665.40 acres; 444.79 sq mi) 29,310 25.4
A coat of arms depicting three grey fleurs-de-lis, two directly across from each other at the top and one on the bottom, all on a red background
Jurbarkas District Municipality
Tauragė Jurbarkas 1,507 square kilometres (372,387.81 acres; 581.86 sq mi) 34,213 22.7
Kaišiadorys District Municipality Kaunas Kaišiadorys 1,087 square kilometres (268,603.55 acres; 419.69 sq mi) 35,334 32.5
Kalvarija Municipality Marijampolė Kalvarija 441 square kilometres (108,973.47 acres; 170.27 sq mi) 13,162 29.8
A coat of arms depicting a white bull with an angry expression and a golden cross protruding from its head all on a red background
Kaunas City Municipality
Kaunas Kaunas 157 square kilometres (38,795.54 acres; 60.62 sq mi) 348,624 2,220.5
Kaunas District Municipality Kaunas Kaunas[nb 1] 1,496 square kilometres (369,669.65 acres; 577.61 sq mi) 90,196 60.3
Kazlų Rūda Municipality Marijampolė Kazlų Rūda 555 square kilometres (137,143.49 acres; 214.29 sq mi) 14,189 25.6
Kėdainiai District Municipality Kaunas Kėdainiai 1,677 square kilometres (414,395.72 acres; 647.49 sq mi) 61,872 36.9
A coat of arms depicting a white wheel on a light blue background at the top and three white leaves on a green background at the bottom
Kelmė District Municipality
Šiauliai Kelmė 1,705 square kilometres (421,314.68 acres; 658.30 sq mi) 36,801 21.6
Klaipėda City Municipality Klaipėda Klaipėda 98 square kilometres (24,216.33 acres; 37.84 sq mi) 182,752 1,864.8
Klaipėda District Municipality Klaipėda Gargždai 1,336 square kilometres (330,132.79 acres; 515.83 sq mi) 52,125 39.0
Kretinga District Municipality Klaipėda Kretinga 989 square kilometres (244,387.22 acres; 381.86 sq mi) 45,103 45.6
Kupiškis District Municipality Panevėžys Kupiškis 1,080 square kilometres (266,873.81 acres; 416.99 sq mi) 22,369 20.7
Lazdijai District Municipality Alytus Lazdijai 1,309 square kilometres (323,460.94 acres; 505.41 sq mi) 24,246 18.5
Marijampolė Municipality Marijampolė Marijampolė 755 square kilometres (186,564.56 acres; 291.51 sq mi) 68,303 90.5
Mažeikiai District Municipality Telšiai Mažeikiai 1,220 square kilometres (301,468.57 acres; 471.04 sq mi) 65,430 52.8
Molėtai District Municipality Utena Molėtai 1,367 square kilometres (337,793.06 acres; 527.80 sq mi) 22,475 16.4
Neringa Municipality Klaipėda Nida 90 square kilometres (22,239.48 acres; 34.75 sq mi) 3,682 40.9
Pagėgiai Municipality Tauragė Pagėgiai 537 square kilometres (132,695.59 acres; 207.34 sq mi) 11,131 20.7
Pakruojis District Municipality Šiauliai Pakruojis 1,316 square kilometres (325,190.68 acres; 508.11 sq mi) 26,561 20.2
Palanga City Municipality Klaipėda Palanga 79 square kilometres (19,521.33 acres; 30.50 sq mi) 17,645 223.4
A coat of arms depicting a red castle with black double doors, two black windows, and one central tower all standing on black ground
Panevėžys City Municipality
Panevėžys Panevėžys 50 square kilometres (12,355.27 acres; 19.31 sq mi) 111,959 2,239.2
Panevėžys District Municipality Panevėžys Panevėžys[nb 1] 2,179 square kilometres (538,442.63 acres; 841.32 sq mi) 42,449 19.5
Pasvalys District Municipality Panevėžys Pasvalys 1,289 square kilometres (318,518.84 acres; 497.69 sq mi) 31,718 24.6
A coat of arms depicting the Eye of Providence with a blue iris encapsulated in a golden triangle surrounded in golden rays all on a blue background
Plungė District Municipality
Telšiai Plungė 1,105 square kilometres (273,051.45 acres; 426.64 sq mi) 43,044 39.0
Prienai District Municipality Kaunas Prienai 1,031 square kilometres (254,765.65 acres; 398.07 sq mi) 33,048 32.1
A coat of arms depicting a silver horse that is rearing and neighing all on a dark green background bordered by a thin silver line
Radviliškis District Municipality
Šiauliai Radviliškis 1,635 square kilometres (404,017.30 acres; 631.28 sq mi) 47,626 29.1
Raseiniai District Municipality Kaunas Raseiniai 1,573 square kilometres (388,696.77 acres; 607.34 sq mi) 40,656 25.8
Rietavas Municipality Telšiai Rietavas 586 square kilometres (144,803.75 acres; 226.26 sq mi) 9,837 16.8
Rokiškis District Municipality Panevėžys Rokiškis 1,807 square kilometres (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi) 37,815 20.9
Skuodas District Municipality Klaipėda Skuodas 911 square kilometres (225,113.00 acres; 351.74 sq mi) 23,123 25.4
Šakiai District Municipality Marijampolė Šakiai 1,453 square kilometres (359,044.12 acres; 561.01 sq mi) 35,507 24.4
Šalčininkai District Municipality Vilnius Šalčininkai 1,491 square kilometres (368,434.12 acres; 575.68 sq mi) 36,992 24.8
Šiauliai City Municipality Šiauliai Šiauliai 81 square kilometres (20,015.54 acres; 31.27 sq mi) 125,453 1,548.8
A coat of arms depicting an angry, grey bear with yellow claws and a long, red tongue gripping a yellow axe in its paws all on a blue background
Šiauliai District Municipality
Šiauliai Šiauliai[nb 1] 1,807 square kilometres (446,519.42 acres; 697.69 sq mi) 49,199 27.2
Šilalė District Municipality Tauragė Šilalė 1,188 square kilometres (293,561.19 acres; 458.69 sq mi) 29,486 24.8
Šilutė District Municipality Klaipėda Šilutė 1,706 square kilometres (421,561.78 acres; 658.69 sq mi) 52,119 30.6
Širvintos District Municipality Vilnius Širvintos 906 square kilometres (223,877.48 acres; 349.81 sq mi) 18,629 20.6
A coat of arms depicting a silver fish swimming to the right on the top and another fish swimming to the left on the bottom all on a blue background
Švenčionys District Municipality
Vilnius Švenčionys 1,692 square kilometres (418,102.31 acres; 653.28 sq mi) 29,922 17.7
Tauragė District Municipality Tauragė Tauragė 1,179 square kilometres (291,337.24 acres; 455.21 sq mi) 49,925 42.3
A coat of arms depicting a bishop in brown robes with a brown mitre on his head surrounded by a golden halo looking at another man
Telšiai District Municipality
Telšiai Telšiai 1,439 square kilometres (355,584.64 acres; 555.60 sq mi) 53,821 37.4
Trakai District Municipality Vilnius Trakai 1,208 square kilometres (298,503.30 acres; 466.41 sq mi) 35,700 29.6
Ukmergė District Municipality Vilnius Ukmergė 1,395 square kilometres (344,712.01 acres; 538.61 sq mi) 44,783 32.1
Utena District Municipality Utena Utena 1,230 square kilometres (303,939.62 acres; 474.91 sq mi) 46,939 38.2
Varėna District Municipality Alytus Varėna 2,218 square kilometres (548,079.74 acres; 856.37 sq mi) 27,604 12.4
Vilkaviškis District Municipality Marijampolė Vilkaviškis 1,259 square kilometres (311,105.68 acres; 486.10 sq mi) 47,204 37.5
Vilnius City Municipality Vilnius Vilnius 401 square kilometres (99,089.26 acres; 154.83 sq mi) 560,192 1,397.0
Vilnius District Municipality Vilnius Vilnius[nb 1] 2,129 square kilometres (526,087.36 acres; 822.01 sq mi) 96,484 45.3
Visaginas Municipality Utena Visaginas 58 square kilometres (14,332.11 acres; 22.39 sq mi) 28,335 488.5
Zarasai District Municipality Utena Zarasai 1,334 square kilometres (329,638.58 acres; 515.06 sq mi) 19,855 14.9

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 The administrative centers in these municipalities are located outside of the municipality proper.
General
Specific
  1. 1.0 1.1 "Timeline: Lithuania". BBC News. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Lithuania country profile". BBC News. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Conference on Local and Regional Authority Co-operation in the Baltic Sea Area: proceedings, Kaunas, Lithuania, 21-23, April 1999. Council of Europe. January 2000. p. 9. ISBN 978-92-871-4538-3. Retrieved 16 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Jolanta Vaičiūnienė (2008-11-14). "The Administrative–Territorial Reform in Lithuania: History and Today" (PDF). Council of Europe. Retrieved 16 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Local Economic and Employment Development (Program); Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (April 2007). Baltic partnerships: integration, growth and local governance in the Baltic Sea Region. OECD Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 978-92-64-02928-6. Retrieved 23 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Council of Europe (2007). State of human rights and democracy in Europe. Council of Europe. pp. 269–271. ISBN 978-92-871-6288-5. Retrieved 17 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 Miluše Kindlová (2006). Constitutional law of 10 EU member states: the 2004 enlargement. Kluwer. pp. 603–604. ISBN 978-90-13-03468-4. Retrieved 17 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Municipality administrative centers and coats of arms are given by Statistics Lithuania in subpages under the Portrait of the Regions of Lithuania; e.g. Alytus town municipality.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "M3010211: >>>Total area and population by administrative territory". Statistics Lithuania. Retrieved 16 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>