Myrtoan Sea

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

The Myrtoan (Mirtoan) Sea (Greek: Mυρτώο Πέλαγος, Myrtöo Pelagos) is a subdivision of the Mediterranean Sea that lies between the Cyclades and the Peloponnesos. It is described as the part of the Aegean Sea south of Euboea, Attica, and Argolis. [1] Some of the water mass of the Black Sea reaches the Myrtoan Sea, via transport through the Aegean Sea. (Saundry, Hogan & Baum. 2011)

The Saronic Gulf, the gulf of Athens, lies between the Corinth Canal and the Myrtoan Sea.

Names

It is said to have been named after the mythical hero Myrtilus, who was thrown into this sea by an enraged Pelops. The name has also been connected with that of the maiden Myrto. It is also said to have derived its name from a small island named Myrtus.

Classical references

  • Horace makes a reference to Mare Myrtoum in Liber I, Carmen I, line 14 ("Ad Maecenatem").[2]
  • Pliny the Elder (iv. 11. s. 18) considers the Myrtoan a part of the Aegean.
  • Strabo distinguishes between the Myrtoan and Aegean; Strabo wrote that the Aegean terminated at the promontory of Sunium in Attica.

Modern References

External links

Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.