National sport

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A national sport or national pastime is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation. Some sports are de facto (not established by law) national sports, as baseball is in the United States and cricket is in England, while others are de jure (established by law) national sports, as lacrosse and ice hockey are in Canada. These sports do not have to be necessarily the most played or most followed, which would be either association football or basketball in all but a few countries, but are widely considered to be important to the country or significant for its culture.

De jure national sports

Country Sport Year defined as
national sport
 Pakistan Field hockey 1948[1]
 Argentina Pato 1953[2]
 Bahamas Sloop sailing 1993[3]
 Bangladesh Kabaddi ("national game") 1972[4]
 Brazil Capoeira 1972[5]
 Canada Lacrosse (summer), Ice hockey (winter) 1994[6]
 Chile Chilean rodeo 1962[7]
 Colombia Tejo 2000[8]
 Iran Varzesh-e Bastani, Wrestling 1976[9]
 Mexico Charrería 1933[10]
 Philippines Arnis 2009[11]
 Puerto Rico Paso Fino ("autochthonous sport") 1966[12]
 Sri Lanka Volleyball 1991[13]
   Nepal Dandi Biyo 1973[14]
 Uruguay Destrezas Criollas
(Creole [i.e. gaucho] Skills[15])
2006[16]

De facto national sports

Country Sport
 Afghanistan Buzkashi[17]
 Anguilla Yacht racing[18]
 Antigua and Barbuda Cricket[19]
 Barbados Cricket[20]
 Bermuda Cricket[21]
 Bhutan Archery[22]
 Cuba Baseball[23][24][25]
 Czech Republic Ice hockey
 Dominican Republic Baseball[26]
 England Cricket[27]
 Estonia Basketball[28]
 Finland Pesäpallo[29]
 Georgia Rugby union[30]
 Ghana Football
 Grenada Cricket[31]
 Guyana Cricket[32]
 Haiti Football[33]
 Hungary Football[34] or Water polo[35]
 India Hockey
 Israel Football[36]
 Ireland Gaelic games[37][38][39]
 Jamaica Cricket[40]
 Japan Sumo[41]
 South Korea Taekwondo[42]
 Latvia Basketball (summer), Ice hockey (winter),[43]
 Lithuania Basketball[44][45]
 Madagascar Rugby union[46][47]
 Malaysia Sepak takraw[48][49]
 Mauritius Football[50]
 Mongolia Archery, Mongolian wrestling, Horse racing[51][52]
 New Zealand Rugby Union[53]
 Norway Cross-country skiing[54][55]
 Pakistan Field hockey[56][57]
 Papua New Guinea Rugby league[58][59]
 Peru Paleta Frontón[60]
 Puerto Rico Baseball
 Romania Oină[61]
 Russia Bandy[62]
 Scotland Golf[63]
 Slovenia Alpine skiing[64][64]
 Tajikistan Gushtigiri[65]
 Turkey Oil wrestling[66] & Cirit[67]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Cricket[68]
 United States Baseball[69][70][71]
 Venezuela Baseball[72][73]
 Wales Rugby union[74]

See also

References

  1. Pakistan#Sports[unreliable source?]
  2. "Argentina Decree Nº 17468 of 16 September 1953". Federación Argentina de Pato. Retrieved 16 October 2012. External link in |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Craton, Michael; Gail Saunders (1998). Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People. University of Georgia Press. p. 471. ISBN 0-8203-2284-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Banglapedia: Kabadi". Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  5. Lowell, John (1992). Ring of Liberation: Deceptive Discourse in Brazilian Capoeira. University of Chicago Press. p. 61. ISBN 0-226-47683-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. National Sports of Canada Act S.C. 1994, c. 16, Justice Laws Website, National Government of Canada
  7. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  8. "Colombia Law 613 of 4 September 2000". Global Legal Information Network. Retrieved 14 July 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. [1]
  10. "La Charrería "Nuestro Deporte Nacional"" (in Spanish). Mexican Department of Tourism. Retrieved 14 July 2008. El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Republic Act No. 9850: An Act declaring Arnis as the national martial art and sport of the Philippines". Retrieved 26 June 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000, S.B. 1856" (PDF). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico. 11 April 2000. p. 1. Retrieved 14 July 2008. In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the “paso fino” horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). "Sponsors President's Gold Cup tourney: Dialog assures future of VB". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 14 July 2008. Way back in 1991 volleyball was declared as the national sport of Sri Lanka but it was only name sake.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). "Sponsors President's Gold Cup tourney: Dialog assures future of VB". Daily News (Nepal). Retrieved 14 July 2008. Way back in 1973 Dandi Biyo was declared as the national sport of Nepal but it was only name sake.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Aeberhard, Danny; Andrew Benson; Lucy Phillips; et al. (2001). The Rough Guide to Argentina. p. 198. ISBN 1-85828-569-0. displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Uruguay Law 17958 of 21 April 2006". Global Legal Information Network. Retrieved 14 July 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Buzkashi: The National Game of Afghanis". Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra. Retrieved 21 July 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Boat Racing Season Officially Opens". The Anguillian. 3 March 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, […] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Antiguans and Barbudans". everyculture.com. Retrieved 10 July 2008. Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Barbados: Sports". Government of Barbados. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The national sport of Barbados is cricket<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Luke, Will (March 2007). "Cricket by association". The Wisden Cricketer. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "National Symbols". Bhutan Portal. Government of Bhutan. Retrieved 21 July 2008. National Game: The national sport of Bhutan is archery.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto (1999). "A Cuban Belle Époque". The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press. p. 76. ISBN 0-19-514605-0. Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Mckinley, James C., Jr (26 March 1999). "Baseball; Clash of Cultures, Pride and Passion". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 July 2008. Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Castro, Fidel (13 August 1999). "Speech at a meeting with Pan American Games delegation members". cuba.cu. Retrieved 24 July 2008. the game that […] is […] our national sport […] I am talking of baseball<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Some facts about the Dominican Republic". Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. Retrieved 22 July 2008. Baseball is the Dominican Republic’s national sport.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. http://www.englandforever.org/england-sports.php
  28. Lonely Planet Eastern Europe (9 ed.). Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 319. Basketball is the unofficial national sport<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "About Finland: General information: Sports". Embassy of Finland, Washington. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2008. the national sport, “pesäpallo”<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  30. There is far more to savour in European rugby union than just the Six Nations The Guardian
  31. "Batting For Grenada". Grenada Life. Grenada Board of Tourism. March 2007. p. 38. Retrieved 21 July 2008. in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Games". Guyana Tourism Authority. Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana’s national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. Graves, Kerry A. (2002). "Haiti". p. 57. ISBN 978-0-7368-6961-4. Retrieved 2 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. Rinehart, Robert E. (2007). Wagg, Stephen; Andrews, David L., eds. "East Plays West: Sport and the Cold War". East Plays West: Sport and the Cold War. London/New York: Routledge. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-35926-9. [E]ven though soccer football was and is considered the Hungarian national pastime |contribution= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Pedersen, Paul M.; Thibault, Lucie (2014). Contemporary Sport Management (5th ed.). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. p. 257. ISBN 978-1-4504-6965-4. With a total of nine Olympic gold medals, ... some have begun to call water polo the national sport of Hungary.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. "Football in Israel". AsiaRooms. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2012. The popularity of Football in Israel is sky-high and is the most popular sport of the nation by a distance. Football in Israel is the unofficial national sport of the nation and developed as an organized sport in the country during the period when the British controlled the administration or was the days of the British Mandate.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  37. "RTÉ Secures Comprehensive GAA Championship Coverage Until 2010". RTÉ Online. 19 February 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2009. Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. "Adjournment Matters. - Eurathlon Programme". Seanad Éireann. 22 November 1995. pp. Volume 145. Retrieved 29 April 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. Farrelly, Hugh (15 September 2009). "The most progressive team in Ireland". Scrum.com. Retrieved 17 September 2009. It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. "History of Jamaica". Jamaican Embassy, Washington. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways […] the game of cricket is the national sport.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. "What Is Sumo?". Kids Web Japan sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved 30 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. Moenig, Udo (Apr 10, 2015). Taekwondo: From a Martial Art to a Martial Sport. Routledge. p. 52. Retrieved July 5, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> "As a result, taekwondo's status as a largely private undertaking changed in 1971, when it was upgraded to the 'national sport' of Korea."
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  44. Adamkus, Valdas (28 July 2005). "Address at Charles University, Prague". President of Lithuania official website. Retrieved 24 July 2008. Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  45. Winn, Luke (15 August 2011). "Lithuania Calling". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 24 August 2011. Basketball is the only sport the 3.2 million Lithuanians truly care about—it's their second religion, after Catholicism—and their success is proportionately stunning.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  54. Mølster, Odd (1996). "Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity – part 2". News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington. Retrieved 21 July 2008. the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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