Open central rounded vowel

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Open central rounded vowel
ɒ̈
ɒ̟
ɶ̈
ɶ̠
IPA number 313 415
Sound

The open central rounded vowel, or low central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in few spoken languages. While the International Phonetic Alphabet officially has no dedicated letter for this sound between front [ɶ] and back [ɒ], it is normally written ⟨ɒ⟩. If precision is required, it can be specified by using diacritics, such as centralized ⟨ɒ̈⟩ or advanced ⟨ɒ̟⟩, but this is not common.

The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low".

Features

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
æ
aɶ
äɒ̈
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
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IPA help • IPA key • chart • Loudspeaker.svg chart with audio • view
  • Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth – that is, as low as possible in the mouth.
  • Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel.
  • It's rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Middle Class London[1] lot [lɒ̈ʔ] 'lot' Can be back [ɒ] instead.[1] See English phonology
Irish Ring dialect[2] [example needed] Allophone of /aː/ between slender consonants.[2] See Irish phonology
Norwegian Østfold dialect[3] bada [bɒ̈ːdɐ] 'to bathe'

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Altendorf & Watt (2004:188). Note that authors differentiate between symbols [ɒ̟] and [ɒ̈]; the former denotes a more back vowel.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Breatnach (1947:12–13)
  3. Jahr (1990:92)

References

  • Altendorf, Ulrike; Watt, Dominik (2004), "4. The Southeast", in Schneider, Edgar W.; Burridge, Kate; Kortmann, Bernd; Mesthrie, Rajend; Upton, Clive (eds.), A handbook of varieties of English, 1: Phonology, Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 181–196, ISBN 3-11-017532-0<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Breatnach, Risteard B. (1947), The Irish of Ring, Co. Waterford, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ISBN 0-901282-50-2<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Jahr, Ernst Håkon (1990), Den Store dialektboka, Oslo: Novus, ISBN 8270991678<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>