Otto Carius

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Otto Carius
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-064-06, Otto Carius.jpg
Otto Carius
Born (1922-05-27)27 May 1922
Zweibrücken, Palatinate, Weimar Republic
Died 24 January 2015(2015-01-24) (aged 92)
Herschweiler-Pettersheim, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Heer
Years of service 1940–45
Rank Oberleutnant of the Reserves
Unit 21st Panzer Regiment
Schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502
Schwere Panzerjägerabteilung 512
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves
Other work Pharmacist

Otto Carius (27 May 1922 – 24 January 2015) was a German tank ace within the German Army who fought during World War II and was credited with destroying more than 150 tanks. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves were awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

World War II

Early in the war, the slightly built Carius was rejected twice for military service for being underweight.[1] However, he was eventually enlisted and initially served in the infantry, before volunteering for the Panzer branch.[1]

In 1943, Carius transferred to the 502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere Panzer-Abteilung 502). He was severely wounded on 24 July 1944 while reconnoitering a village on a motorcycle. Until that day, he was unofficially running the 2nd Company of the 502nd. He officially became commander of 2nd Company on the day he was shot through the leg and arm, with four more wounds in the back and one the neck. When he recovered, he became commander of a Jagdtiger company of the 512th Heavy Antitank Battalion (schwere Panzerjägerabteilung) at the beginning of 1945. On 8 March 1945, 2nd Company was directed to the front line near Siegburg, where it took part in the defense of the River Rhine and eventually surrendered to the United States Army on 15 April 1945.[citation needed]

Postwar

After the war Carius studied pharmacy at Heidelberg University. In 1956 he opened his own pharmacy shop called Tiger Apotheke[2] in Herschweiler-Pettersheim, Rhineland-Palatinate, named after the Tiger tank. He ran his shop until he retired in 2011. He also wrote a book about his own experience in the war, entitled Tigers in the Mud.[3] Carius died on 24 January 2015 at age 92.[4][5]

Awards and achievements

Total victories (kills):

  • 150+ tanks, similar number of antitank guns (100–110 tanks following another source,[18]) majority on the Eastern Front.

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Otto Carius". The Times. 12 February 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Tiger Apotheke
  3. Stackpole Books, 2014 ISBN ISBN 978-0-8117-2911-6
  4. "In Memoriam Otto Carius". Tiger Apotheke – Herschweiler-Pettersheim. Retrieved 24 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. German World War II Panzer Ace Otto Carius Dies at 92
  6. Carius 2003, Document 7
  7. Carius 2003, Document 8
  8. 8.0 8.1 Thomas 1997, p. 97.
  9. Carius 2003, Document 9
  10. Carius 2003, Document 10
  11. Carius 2003, Document 11
  12. 12.0 12.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 257.
  13. Carius 2003, Document 12
  14. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 152.
  15. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 86.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Carius 2003, Document 27
  17. Carius 2003, Document 26
  18. Ashley Hart, p. 41

Bibliography

  • Alman, Karl (2008). Panzer vor – Die dramatische Geschichte der deutschen Panzerwaffe und ihre tapferen Soldaten. Würzburg, Germany: Flechsig Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88189-638-2.
  • Carius, Otto (2003). Tigers in the Mud – The Combat Career of German Panzer Commander Otto Carius. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-2911-6.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hart, Stephen A (2007). Sherman Firefly vs Tiger: Normandy 1944. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84603-150-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kleine, Egon & Kühn, Volkmar (1999). Tiger – Die Geschichte einer legendären Waffe 1942–45. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuchbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-87943-414-X.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>