Otto Dommeratzky

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Otto Dommeratzky
Born 3 May 1916
Died 13 October 1944(1944-10-13) (aged 28)
Mährisch Weißkirchen
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1936–45
Rank Major
Unit LG 2
SG 2
SG 151
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Otto Dommeratzky (3 May 1916 – 13 October 1944) was a highly decorated Major in the Luftwaffe during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.


Dommeratzky was born on 3 May 1916 at Löderburg, near Staßfurt in Sachsen-Anhalt. Dommeratzsky flew his first combat missions over Poland and in the French campaign with II.(S)/Lehrgeschwader 2 (LG 2). He later operated over the Balkans in spring 1941 and participated in the invasion of Russia in June 1941.

In January 1942, II.(S)/LG 2 was redesignated Schlachtgeschwader 1 (SG 1), and during 1942 and 1943, Dommeratzky served with 8./SG 1, over the central and southern sectors of the Eastern Front, predominantly in the anti-tank role.

Dommeratzky was awarded the Ehrenpokal on 21 September 1942 and the German Cross in Gold on 3 October. On 5 January 1943 Oberfeldwebel Dommeratzky was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for 425 missions, and 20 air victories.

By spring 1944 Dommeratzky was serving with 6./Schlachtgeschwader 2 (SG 2), mainly operating in the fighter escort role to “Panzerjägers” Ju 87G's. In the summer of 1944 he served as an instructor with 6./SG 151 based at Proßnitz.

On 13 October 1944, Dommeratzky had taken off in his Focke-Wulf Fw 190 F-3 "Yellow 4", with a member of his groundcrew stowed in the fuselage, on a transfer flight to the Eastern Front when over Slawital he encountered United States Army Air Forces escort fighters on a sweep and his aircraft was badly shot up. Although he could have used his parachute, Dommeratzky attempted a forced landing to save the life of his mechanic. Both were killed in the subsequent crash of his Fw 190. Leutnant Dommeratzky was posthumously awarded the Eichenlaub on 25 November 1944.

Otto Dommeratzky was credited with 38 victories in about 600 missions, all on the Eastern Front.

Awards and decorations



  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1997, p. 129.
  2. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 89.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 278.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 164.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 92.


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  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1976). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe 1939–1945 Band II Stuka- und Schlachtflieger (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-021-3. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links