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A Pattavali (From Sanskrit patta: seat, avali: chain) is a record of a spiritual lineage of heads of monastic orders. They are thus spiritual genealogies. It is generally presumed that two successive names are teacher and pupil. The term is applicable for all dharmic religions, but is generally used for Jain monastic orders.
- Sarasvatigachchha Pattavali: Pattavali of the Balatkara Gana of Mula Sangh
- Tapagaccha Pattavali: Pattavali of Tapa Gachchha
- Upkes Gacch Pattavali: Pattavali of now extinct Upkesh Gachchh.
- Kharatavagachha Pattavali: Pattavali of Kharatara Gachchha
Glasenapp notes that although the chronological list mentioned in pattavali are valuable, it is not reliable.
The Jain Monastic Lineages
After Lord Mahavira, the lineage (Pattavali) is traced as follows according to Sravana Belgola AD 600 inscription, Harivansha Purana, Jambuddvita Pannati and Kalpasutra. Bhadrabahu was the last leader of the undivided Sangha. After him there were two branches in the lineage. In both branches, some of the oral tradition was gradually lost. The two branches eventually became the two traditions Digambaras and the Svetambaras, although formal recognition of the separation is encountered in the 5th century CE. Kalpasutra gives a lineage starting with Pushyagiri after Vajrasena ending with Kshamashramna Devarddhi, the president of the Vallabhi council. The canonical books of the Svetambaras were produced in writing in this Council. The Kalpasutra also mentions ganas and shakhas established by other disciples of Bhadrabahu, Sambhutavijaya, Mahagiri etc. The Brihat-Kharataragachchha pattavali gives the name of Chandra after Vajrasena, the lineage continues until Udyotana, the founder of Brihadgachcha.
- The Kevalis (those who attained kavalagyana)
- Mahavira Swami
- Gautam Swami
- Lohacharya (Sudharmaswami)
- Jambu Swami
- The Shruta Kevalis (who knew the complete oral texts) According to Digambara tradition:
- The Shruta Kevalis (who knew the complete oral texts) According to Svetambara tradition:
The Lineages after Bhadrabahu
According to Digambar tradition, the monastic lineage after bhadrabahu was:
- Bhadrabahu, the shruta-kevali
- Visakha, the 10-purvis begin here
- Deva I
- Nakshatri, 11 angis begin here.
- Subhadra, 1 angis begins here.
- Bhadrabahu II
- Lohacarya II
- Arhadvali, ekangis with partial knowledge of one anga.
- Dharasena, see Satkhandagama
Arhadvali is said to have been the founder of the for divisions of the Mula Sangha.
The lineage from Bhadrabahu according to Svetambara tradition is:
- Bhadrabahu and Sambhutavijaya
- Mahagiri and Suhastin
- Śrī paṭṭāvalī-samuccayaḥ, Vīramagāma, Gujarāta : Śrī Cāritra-Smāraka-Granthamālā, 1933
- Akbar as Reflected in the Contemporary Jain Literature in Gujarat, by Shirin Mehta, Social Scientist, 1992, p. 54-60
- Medieval Jaina Goddess Traditions, by John Cort Numen,1987 BRILL, p. 235-255
- Glasenapp 1999, p. 12
- "History of the Digambaras". Jainworld.com. 1977-01-16. Retrieved 2012-04-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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- Nagārāja, Muni (1 January 2003), Āgama Aura Tripiṭaka: Eka Anuśilana, Concept Publishing Company, ISBN 978-81-7022-731-1<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Glasenapp, Helmuth Von (1999), Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1376-6<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>