People's Republic of Mozambique

People's Republic of Mozambique
República Popular de Moçambique

Flag National Emblem
Unidad, Crítica, Unidad
"Unity, Criticism, Unity"
Viva, Viva a FRELIMO
"Long, Live FRELIMO"
Capital Maputo
Languages Portuguese
Government Marxist–Leninist one-party state
Head of State
 •  1975–1986 Samora Machel
 •  1986 Political Bureau
 •  1986–1990 Joaquim Chissano
Prime Minister
 •  1986–1990 Mário da Graça
Historical era Cold War
 •  Established 25 June 1975
 •  Disestablished 1 December 1990
Currency Escudo (MZE)
Metical (MZM)

The People's Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: República Popular de Moçambique), was a self-declared Communist regime that lasted from 25 June 1975 to 1 December 1990, when the country became the present day Republic of Mozambique.

The People's Republic of Mozambique was established shortly after the country gained independence from Portugal in 1975 and the Mozambique Liberation Front ("Frelimo") established a one-party state. It was led by Samora Machel, which soon was engaged in a civil war with the Mozambique National Resistance ("Renamo"), a guerilla movement initially financed by the Republic of Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe), but later replaced by the Republic of South Africa, who supported and financed the group.[1]

The People's Republic of Mozambique enjoyed close ties with the People's Republic of Angola[2] and the Soviet Union,[3] both of which were communist states at the given time.[4] The People's Republic of Mozambique was also an observer of Comecon ("Council for Mutual Economic Assistance"), which was an economic organization of communist states.[5]

See also