Poetics

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Poetics is the theory of literary forms and literary discourse. It may refer specifically to the theory of poetry, although some speakers use the term so broadly as to denote the concept of "theory" itself.[1]

History

The term "poetics" comes from the Greek ποιητικός poietikos "pertaining to poetry," literally "creative, productive," from ποιητός poietos "made," verbal adjective of ποιεῖν poiein "to make."[2]

Scholar T. V. F. Brogan identifies[3] three major movements in Western poetics over the past 3,000 years, beginning with the formalist, objectivist Aristotelian tradition (see Poetics). During the romantic era, poetics tended toward expressionism and emphasized the perceiving subject. The 20th century witnessed a return to the Aristotelian paradigm, followed by trends toward metacriticality, or the establishment of a theory of poetics.

Eastern poetics developed primarily with reference to the lyric, as opposed to the mimetic.[3]

In literary criticism

Poetics is distinguished from hermeneutics by its focus not on the meaning of a text, but rather its understanding of how a text's different elements come together and produce certain effects on the reader.[4] Most literary criticism combines poetics and hermeneutics in a single analysis, however one or the other may predominate given the text and the aims of the one doing the reading.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Gérard Genette (2005), Essays In Aesthetics, Volume 4, p.14:

    My program then was named "Theory of Literary Forms" — a title that I supposed to be less ambiguous for minds a little distant from this specialty, if it is one, than its (for me) synonym Poetics.

  2. "poetic". Online Etymology Dictionary.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Brogan, T. (1994). The New Princeton Handbook of Poetic Terms. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-03672-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Culler, Jonathan (1997). Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>:

Further reading

  • Ciardi, John (1959). How Does a Poem Mean?. Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Drew, Elizabeth (1933). Discovering Poetry. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Harmon, William (2003). Classic Writings on Poetry. New York: Columbia University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hashmi, Alamgir (2011). "Eponymous Écriture and the Poetics of Reading a Transnational Epic". Dublin Quarterly, 15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hobsbaum, Philip (1996). Metre, Rhythm, and Verse Form. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-12267-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kinzie, Mary (1999). A Poet's Guide to Poetry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-43739-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Norman, Charles (1962). Poets on Poetry. New York: Collier Books.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Original texts from 8 English poets before the 20th Century and from 8 20th Century Americans.
  • Oliver, Mary (1994). A Poetry Handbook. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co. ISBN 0-15-672400-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Oliver, Mary (1998). Rules for the Dance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-85086-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pinsky, Robert (1999). The Sounds of Poetry. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 0-374-52617-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Quinn, Arthur (1993). Figures of Speech. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. ISBN 1-880393-02-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Iturat, Isidro (2010). Poetics. Brazil: Indrisos.com. External link in |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>