|Mission type||Earth observation|
|Website||Polar home page|
|Mission duration||12 years|
|Manufacturer||Lockheed Martin Space Systems|
|Launch mass||1,300 kg (2,900 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||February 24, 1996, 11:24:00UTC|
|Rocket||Delta II 7925-10|
|Launch site||Vandenberg SLC-2W|
|Semi-major axis||35,490.71 km (22,052.90 mi)|
|Perigee||3,125 km (1,942 mi)|
|Apogee||55,113 km (34,246 mi)|
|Argument of perigee||0.55 degrees|
|Mean anomaly||1.210 degrees|
|Epoch||20 January 2015, 23:01:26 UTC|
The Global Geospace Science (GGS) Polar Satellite was a NASA science spacecraft designed to study the polar magnetosphere and aurora. It was launched into orbit in February 1996, and continued operations until the program was terminated in April 2008. The spacecraft remains in orbit, though it is now inactive. Polar is the sister ship to GGS Wind.
It was designed and manufactured by Lockheed Martin, and launched at 11:23:59.997 UTC on February 24, 1996 aboard a McDonnell Douglas Delta II 7925-10 rocket from launch pad 2W at Vandenberg Air Force Base in Lompoc, California, to study the polar magnetosphere.
The spacecraft was placed into a highly elliptical orbit with apogee at 9 Earth radii and perigee at 1.8 Earth radii (geocentric), 86 degrees inclination, with a period of around 18 hours. The apogee was initially over the northern polar region, but has since been precessing south at about 16° per year.
Sensors on the spacecraft gathered multi-wavelength imaging of the aurora, and measured the entry of plasma into the polar magnetosphere and the geomagnetic tail, the flow of plasma to and from the ionosphere, and the deposition of particle energy in the ionosphere and upper atmosphere.
- Polar Plasma Laboratory (PPL)
- NORAD Satellite Catalog Number: 23802
- NSSDC International Designator: 1996-013A
- "POLAR Satellite details 1996-013A NORAD 23802". N2YO. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Lockheed Martin Press Release, April 30, 2008
- 'Broken Heart' Image the Last for NASA's Long-Lived Polar Mission