Ponnani

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Ponnani
പൊന്നാനി
Municipality
Ponnani Nagaram Post Office
Ponnani Nagaram Post Office
Country  India
State Kerala
District Malappuram
Government
 • Type kerala sarkar
 • Body Ponnani municipality
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 90,491
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 679 577
Telephone code 0494
Vehicle registration KL-54
Nearest city Thrissur, Malappuram
Sex ratio 1000:1067 /
Literacy 71.3%
Lok Sabha constituency Ponnani
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ponnani
Civic agency Ponnani municipality
File:Warehouse@Ponnani.jpg
Ruins of warehouse in British period - Near to the Ponnani Court
File:Thrikkave temple 01.JPG
Thrikkave Temple, Ponnani
File:Ponnani.2015 (1).jpg
500 year old mosque at Ponnaninagara

Ponnani (formerly Ponani and Paniyani) is municipality in Ponnani Taluk, Malappuram District, in the state of Kerala. It serves the administrative center of the Taluk and Block Panchayath of the same name. It is situated at the mouth of Bharathappuzha (Nila River) and is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west.

History

Hyder Ali of Mysore conquered Malabar in 1766 and established an outpost in Ponnani. During his son Tipu Sultan’s regime Ponnani became an important centre for Islamic studies. Tipu developed the port at Ponnani for trade and security reasons. Ponnani was the southern most town of Tipu's regime. After Tipu’s defeat in 1799, the British took the territory of Malabar under their control.[2]

Ponnani and nationalist movements

Shri. KV Raman Menon (1900–1974), known as Ponnani Gandhi, was a great Congress leader of the time who had actively participated in the freedom movement of Malabar.[3] He was a social reformer and was a leading lawyer of the Court of Ponani.[4]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[5] Ponnani had a population of 87,356. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Ponnani has an average literacy rate of 85.20%, higher than the Indian national average of 65.38%: male literacy is 90.08%, and female literacy is 80.87%. In Ponnani, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography

Ponnani provides a natural ground for establishing a port. Ponnani is a sea shore town along the south banks of Barathappuzha. It is located at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.[6] at the earth global. It has an average elevation of 5 metres (16 feet).

Peoples and their contribution to Kerala

People from Ponnani had contributed much for Kerala's rich cultural treasure and plays a significant role in the cultural history of Kerala. Few people on the list:

Politics and governance

Ponnani Assembly constituency

It is part of Ponnani (Lok Sabha constituency).[7] P Sreeramakrishnan ( CPIM ) is current MLA -2016 he is the speaker of KERALA legislative assembly

Ponnani Parliament constituency

Ponnani is one among the 20 parliament constituencies of Kerala. The Ponnani constituency comprises the assembly segments of

  • Tirurangadi
  • Tanur
  • Tirur
  • Ponnani
  • Kottakkal
  • Thavanoor
  • Thrithala.

Between 1957 and 1977, when Ponnani was a reserved constituency, it was held by the Marxists. Once it was re-labeled a general constituency in 1977, the balance of power shifted to the IUML. General Statistics (Municipality as per 1991 Census):[8]

Ponnani Lok Sabha constituency is composed of the following assembly segments:[7]

  1. Tirurangadi
  2. Tanur
  3. Tirur
  4. Ponnani
  5. Tavanur
  6. Kottakkal
  7. Thrithala

Culture

Ponnani town is a predominantly Muslim populated area. Hindus exist in comparatively smaller numbers. So the culture of the locality is based upon Muslim traditions. Duff Muttu, Kolkali and Aravanamuttu are common folk arts of this locality. There are many libraries attached to mosques giving a rich source of Islamic studies. Most of the books are written in Arabi-Malayalam which is a version of the Malayalam language written in Arabic script. People gather in mosques for the evening prayer and continue to sit there after the prayers discussing social and cultural issues. Business and family issues are also sorted out during these evening meetings. The Hindu minority of this area keeps their rich traditions by celebrating various festivals in their temples. Hindu rituals are done here with a regular devotion like other parts of Kerala.[9]

Transportation

Ponnani connects to other parts of India through Kuttippuram town. National highway No.66 passes through Edappal and the northern stretch connects to Goa and Mumbai. The southern stretch connects to Cochin and Trivandrum. National Highway No.966 connects to Palakkad and Coimbatore. The nearest airport is at Kozhikode. The nearest major railway station is at Kuttippuram.

See also

References

  1. "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Govt.Info.on landmarks and History of Ponnani". Dgllnoida.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-03-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Article from 'The Hindu' newspaper". Hindu.com. 2008-12-15. Retrieved 2012-03-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Edassery Govindan Nair By M. Leelavathy. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-03-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Ponnani". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-03-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Current Politics Ponnani". Hindu.com. 2006-04-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. http://www.malappuram.net/art-and-culture.htm

External links