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Flag Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
Location of Bulgaria within Europe

Bulgaria (Bulgarian: България, [bɤlɡˈariɤ]), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, [rɛpˈubliˌkɤ bɤlɡˈariɤ]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north, mostly along the Danube.

Bulgaria's civilized history dates back more than six millennia to a prehistoric time and place within the heart of its territory that marks the birth of Europe's and possibly the world's first literary culture. Though relatively small in terms of territory and population, Bulgaria's continuous historical wealth throughout prominent cyclical eras of growth, decline and medieval renaissance rivals that of the much larger and more populous countries of China, India and Egypt.

The modern Bulgarian state was first established in 681 AD creating the First Bulgarian Empire. After the Empire fell to the Byzantine Empire in 1018 the Second one took its place in 1185. The Second Bulgarian Empire established much of Bulgaria's heritage we know today. The empire was completely occupied by the Ottoman Empire in 1396 and fell in 1422. The current Bulgarian state declared independence in 1878 and was completely separated from The Ottoman Empire in 1908.

Part of the Eastern Bloc after World War II, today Bulgaria is a democratic, unitary, parliamentary republic, a member of the European Union and NATO. The capital is Sofia, one of the oldest capital cities in Europe.


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Pleven (Bulgarian: Плевен) is the seventh most populated town in Bulgaria. It is located in the northern part of the country and is the capital of the Pleven Province as well as of the subordinate Pleven Municipality.

Pleven is located in an agricultural region in the very heart of the Danube Plain, the historical region of Moesia, surrounded by low limestone hills. Its central location in Northern Bulgaria defines its importance as a big administrative, economic, political, cultural and transport centre. The town is located 170 km away from the capital city of Sofia, 320 km west of the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and 50 km south of the Danube.

The city was a major battle scene (see the Siege of Pleven) during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 that the Russian tsar Alexander II held for the purpose of liberation of Bulgaria. The joint Russian and Romanian army paid dearly for the victory, but it paved the path to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in this war, and the restoration of Bulgaria as a state.

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Ivan Vazov National Theatre.
Credit: MrPanyGoff

The Ivan Vazov National Theatre (Bulgarian: Народен театър „Иван Вазов“) is Bulgaria's national theatre, as well as the oldest and most authoritative theatre in the country and one of the important landmarks of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It is named after the Bulgarian writer and poet Ivan Vazov.


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Template:/box-header Nuvola apps kate.png Requested articlesBulgarian architectureBulgarian artBulgarian gardenersTraycho TraykovTotyu MladenovAlexander TsvetkovNona KaradzhovaStefan KonstantinovMinko GerdzhikovNikolay LilievTeodor TrayanovBulgarian dressBulgarian artPliska–Preslav cultureEvgeni Tanchev

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Nuvola apps filetypes.svg Further informationWikiProject BulgariaBulgarian Collaboration ProjectTranslation into English/Bulgarian



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