Conservatism is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maintenance of traditional values, accepting that technology and society can shift, but the principles should not. Some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others oppose modernism and seek a return to the way things were. The first established use of the term in a political context was by François-René de Chateaubriand in 1819, following the French Revolution. Political science often credits the Irish politician Edmund Burke with many of the ideas now called conservative.Template:/box-footer
- ...that the Ronald Reagan Trail is a collection of highways in central Illinois that connect villages and cities that were of importance to former United States President Ronald Reagan?
- ...that the California Republican Assembly supported Tom McClintock in the 2003 California recall election?
- ... that for his book Life at the Bottom: The Worldview That Makes the Underclass, Theodore Dalrymple interviewed over 10,000 people who had attempted suicide?
- 1944 – an assassination attempt is made on Adolf Hitler with involvement by notable German conservatives.
- 1830 – King Charles X of France is overthrown in the French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution.