Portal:European Union

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Flag of Europe.svg   Welcome to the European Union Portal!
Shortcut:
Austria coat of arms official.svg
Royal Arms of Belgium.svg
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
Croatia CoA 1990.svg
Lesser coat of arms of Cyprus.svg
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svg
Small coat of arms of Estonia.svg
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
Armoiries république française.svg
Coat of arms of Germany.svg
Lesser coat of arms of Greece.svg
Arms of Hungary.svg
Coat of arms of Ireland.svg
Emblem of Italy.svg
Arms of Latvia.svg
Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg
Arms of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.svg
Arms of Malta.svg
Royal Arms of the Netherlands.svg
Herb Polski.svg
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1481-1910).png
Coat of arms of Romania.svg
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
Coat of arms of Slovenia.svg
Arms of Spain.svg
Shield of arms of Sweden.svg
Arms of the United Kingdom.svg

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are primarily located in Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states. Institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors, and the European Parliament. The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens.

The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively. In the intervening years, the community and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union under its current name in 1993. The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009.

Template:/Header

Selected articleedit

The Scottish Parliament Building is the home of the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood, within the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Edinburgh. Construction on the building commenced in June 1999 and the Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) held their first debate in the new Parliament on Tuesday, 7 September 2004. The formal opening by Queen Elizabeth II took place on 9 October 2004. Enric Miralles, the Catalan architect who designed the building, died during the course of its construction.

From the outset, the building and its construction proved to be highly controversial. The choice of location, architect, design and construction company were all criticised by politicians, the media and the Scottish public. When it finally opened in 2004, the building was over three years late with an estimated final cost of £431m, higher than initial costings of between £10m and £40m. The building was welcomed by architectural academics and critics. The building conceives a poetic union between the Scottish landscape, its people, its culture and the city of Edinburgh. This approach won the parliament numerous awards including the 2005 Stirling Prize and has been described as "a tour de force of arts and crafts and quality without parallel in the last 100 years of British architecture".

Selected cityedit
Insigne Athenarum.svg

Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Named after goddess Athena, Athens is a cosmopolitan metropolis with a population of 3.7 million people. The Athens metropolitan area constitutes the center of economic, financial, industrial, cultural and political life in Greece. The city is also rapidly becoming a business center in the European Union.

Ancient Athens was a powerful polis city-state and a renowned center of learning, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. It is often referred to as the cradle of Western civilization, largely due to the impact of its cultural and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BCE on the rest of the then known European Continent. The classical era heritage is still evident in the city, portrayed through a number of ancient monuments and artworks, the most famous being the Parthenon on the Acropolis. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games and, more recently, of the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Selected pictureedit
300px
Photo credit: Behn
Glacier of Argentière, near Argentière, in the valley of Chamonix, French Alps.

Template:/box-header

Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header {{Wikipedia:WikiProject European Union/Featured content}} Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header

Europe Eurovision United Nations NATO Brussels ESA
80x60px EBU Colorbars.svg Emblem of the United Nations.svg Blue compass rose.svg Belgium brussels iris.svg ESA logo simple.svg

Template:/box-footer

Template:/box-header

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database

Template:/box-footer