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Hellenism or the Hellenic Ethnic Religion (Greek: Ελληνική Εθνική Θρησκεία), also, Dodekatheism (Greek: Δωδεκαθεϊσμός), Greek polytheism or Olympianism, is the Olympian-based Greek religion and philosophy of modern times. Hellenism as a term was first used in the fourth century by Roman Emperor Julian the Philosopher to reference the Greek religion, and today it includes its continuation. Practitioners are found in the modern Greece and throughout the world.
Hellenism is the mythology, philosophy, theology, and religion of the Greek gods, such as Dodecatheism, the Eleusinian mysteries, the Delphic mysteries, Hermetism, the Dionysian mysteries, Orphism and Pythagoreanism, the Milesian school, the Eleatic school, other pre-Socratic philosophy, Platonism and the Peripatetic school, neo-Platonism and Skepticism and Stoicism and other Hellenistic philosophy from ancient times to the present day.
Important ancient or classical Hellenic teachers, writers, and prophets include Hermes Trismegistus, the Pythia and Sibyl, Hesiod, Apollodorus, Homer, Apollonius of Rhodes, Creophylus of Samos, Orpheus, Thales, Anaximander, Pherecydes of Syros, Xenophanes, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, the seven sages of Greece, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Antisthenes, Aristippus, Euclid of Megara, Pyrrho, Zeno of Citium, Epicurus, Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus, and Hypatia of Alexandria, among others.Template:/box-footer
Pythagoras studied in the East, including at Mt. Carmel. He and the community (near) there had similar rare practices of ethics (and dress,) and later Socrates described some as virtuous and philosophical. Likewise, a similar community South of Mt. Carmel later kept a text of Plato's Republic, a dialogue in which Socrates spoke. This interaction has influenced various spirituality near the Eastern Mediterranean to the present day.Template:/box-footer
Ancient places, events: Athens & Agora & Acropolis & Parthenon & Democracy & Battle of Salamis • Sparta & Timocracy & Battle of Thermopylae • Delphi & Pythia & Sibyl • Thebes • Greek temples • ancient persecution of Hellenism • Greek War of Independence
Ancient thinkers & ideas: Hermes Trismegistus • Thales • Pythagoras • Euclid • Archimedes • Socrates & Plato & Aristotle • Ammonius Saccas • Plotinus • Hypatia • philosophy • science • logic • mathematics • liberal arts • drama • politics • Republic
Great ancient playwrights: Sophocles
Template:/box-header Make a wikiproject Hellenismos and a Hermetism portal. Make a wiki page explaining how to do 'selected articles/biographies, pictures.'
Add more info on texts, sects, calendar, rituals, prayers, relevant persons, culture including all the arts.Template:/box-footer
- Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality, Chap. I, Sect. I
- Griffin, Jasper; Boardman, John; Murray, Oswyn (2001). The Oxford history of Greece and the Hellenistic world. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-19-280137-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Geoffrey Miles, Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology (Routledge, 1999), p. 54ff.
- Fritz Graf and Sarah Iles Johnston, Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets (Routledge, 2007), p. 167, while taking note of depictions in Greek art, particularly vase painting, that show Orpheus attired as a Greek, often in contrast to those in Thracian dress around him.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, Corinth, 2.30.1